earlier, they might have left a long time before they did. Of course, emotional as well as cognitive skills are needed adequately to make such an evaluation, and it is to such skills that I turn next.
Successful intelligence is one's ability to succeed in life, as measured either by one's own standards or the standards of others. Successful intelligence is much broader as a construct than is intelligence as it is traditionally defined. If what we care about is what people get out of life, and give to others through it, then we might choose to concentrate on successful intelligence, rather than the narrow kind of intelligence measured by conventional tests of abilities.
The work reported herein was supported under the Javits Act program (Grant #R206R50001) as administered by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education. The findings and opinions expressed in this report do not reflect the positions or policies of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement or the U. S. Department of Education.
Asch, S. ( 1946). "Forming impressions of personality". Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 41, 258-290.
Butterfield, E. C., & Wambold, C., & Belmont, J. M. ( 1973). "On the theory and practice of improving short-term memory". American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 77, 654-669.
Campione, J. C., & Brown, A. L. ( 1979). "Toward a theory of intelligence: Contributions from research with retarded children". In R. J. Sternberg & D. K. Detterman (Eds.), Human intelligence: Perspectives on its theory and measurement. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Carroll, J. B. ( 1993). Human cognitive abilities. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cole, M., Gay, J., Glick, J., & Sharp D. W. ( 1971). The cultural context of learning and thinking. New York: Basic Books.
Edgerton, R. ( 1967). The cloak of competence. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Goleman, S. ( 1995). Emotional intelligence. Bantam, CT: Bantam.
Heath, S. B. ( 1983). Ways with words. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hunt, E. B., ( 1978). "Mechanics of verbal ability". Psychological Review, 85, 109-30.
Luce, R. D., & Raifa, H. ( 1957). Games and decisions. New York: Wiley.
Okagaki, L., & Sternberg, R. J. ( 1993). "Parental beliefs and children's school performance". Child Development, 64( 1), 36-56.
Pellegrino, J. W., & Glaser, R. ( 1980). "Components of inductive reasoning". In R. E. Snow, P-A Federico , & W. E. Montague (Eds), Aptitude, learning, and instruction Vol (1): Cognitive process analyses of aptitude. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sacks, O. ( 1985). The man who mistook his wife for a hat. New York: HarperCollins