Mass Communication Law and Ethics

By Roy L. Moore | Go to book overview

ENDNOTES
1.
For example, in a 1987 statewide poll, the Louisville Courier-Journal found that two thirds of Kentuckians felt communities should have the right to restrict access of adults to sexually explicit materials, but 83% indicated that adults should have the right to read or view such materials. Nevertheless, there is a sizable group (about one fifth of the population) that favors banning all three of the major types of sexually oriented materials -- those showing sexual violence between adults, those showing adult sexual nonviolent activities, and those displaying adult nudity only. "See Opinions Mixed on Explicit Material", Lexington ( Ky.) Herald-Leader (Associated Press), April 5, 1987, at B2, col. 3.
2.
47 U.S.C. § 559 ( 1996).
3.
Pub. L. No.100-690, 102 Stat. 4181, November 18, 1988.
4.
See Cuomo Refuses Extradition of Programming Execs, ONSAT, July 22, 1990, at 8, col. 2; HDO Pleads Guilty, ONSAT, December 9, 1990, at 105, col. 1; and HDO Pleads Guilty to Federal Charges, ONSAT, January 6, 1991, at 6, col. 1. See also Porn Case Fine Is $150,000, Lexington ( Ky.) Herald-Leader (Wire Services), February 16, 1991, at A3, col. 1.
5.
HDO Pleads Guilty to Federal Charges, supra.
6.
See Couple Guilty in Computer Porn Case, Lexington ( Ky.) Herald-Leader, July 29, 1994, at As, col. 1.
7.
Regina v. Hicklin, L.R., 3 Q.B. 360 ( 1868).
8.
THE CONCISE COLUMBIA ENCYCLOPEDIA189 ( 1983).
9.
Regina v. Hicklin.
10.
United States v. One Book Called "Ulysses," 5 F.Supp. 182 (S.D.N.Y. 1933).
11.
United States v. One Book Called "Ulysses," 72 F.2d 705 ( 1934).
12.
R. J. WAGMAN, THE FIRST AMENDMENT BOOK203 ( 1991).
13.
Alfred E. Butler v. State of Michigan, 352U.S. 380, 77 S.Ct. 524, 1 L.Ed.2d 412 ( 1957).
14.
Id.
15.
Samuel Roth v. United States and David S. Alberts v. California, 354 U.S. 476, 77 S.Ct. 1304, 1 L.Ed.2d 1498, 1 Med.L.Rptr. 1375 ( 1957).
16.
Id.
17.
Near v. Minnesota, 283 U.S. 697, 51 S.Ct. 625, 75 L.Ed. 1357, 1 Med.L.Rptr. 1001 ( 1931).
18.
Roth v. United States and Alberts v. California.
19.
Id.
20.
Id.
21.
Id.
22.
Eleazor Smith v. California, 361 U.S. 147, 80 S.Ct. 215, 4 L.Ed.2d 205 ( 1959).
23.
Id.
24.
KY. REV. STAT. § 531.020 ( 1996).
25.
GA. CODE ANN. § 16-12-80 ( 1997).
26.
United States v. X-Citement Video, 513 U.S. 64, 115 S.Ct. 464, 130 L.Ed.2d 372 ( 1994).
27.
Manual Enterprises, Inc. v. Day, Postmaster General of the United States, 370 U.S. 478, 82 S.Ct. 1432, 8 L.Ed.2d 639 ( 1962).
28.
Nico Jacobellis v. Ohio, 378 U.S. 184, 84 S.Ct. 1676, 12 L.Ed.2d 793 ( 1964).
29.
A Quantity of Books et al. v. Kansas, 378 U.S. 205, 84 S.Ct. 1723, 12 L.Ed.2d 809 ( 1964).
30.
Ronald L. Freedman v. Maryland, 380 U.S. 51, 85 S.Ct. 734, 13 L.Ed.2d 649 ( 1965).
31.
Id.
32.
Id.
33.
A Book Named John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure et al. v. Attorney General of Massachusetts, 383 U.S. 413, 86 S.Ct. 975, 16 L.Ed.2d 1, 1 Med.L.Rptr. 1390( 1966).
34.
Id.
35.
Ralph Ginzburg et al. v. U.S., 383 U.S. 463, 86 S.Ct. 942, 16 L.Ed.2d 31, 1 Med.L.Rptr. 1409 ( 1966).
36.
Id.
37.
Id.

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