Sexual Cultures and Migration in the Era of AIDS: Anthropological and Demographic Perspectives

By Gilbert Herdt | Go to book overview

11
Mobility and Migration: Female Commercial Sex Work and the HIV Epidemic in Northern Thailand

KATHERINE C. BOND, DAVID D. CELENTANO, SUNKANYA PHONSOPHAKUL, and CHAYAN VADDHANAPHUTI


Introduction

The commercial sex industry in Thailand is of singular importance in the dynamics of HIV transmission. Ford and Koetsawang ( 1991) suggest that the sex industry developed significantly during the Vietnam war, and has been amplified recently by international tourism. The majority of female commercial sex worker (CSW) clients, especially outside of the tourist centres and Bangkok, are Thai men ( DaGrossa, 1989). Female CSWs in northern Thailand are predominately young women from agrarian backgrounds, recruited by agents, brothel owners, or friends, and generally have a short (under three years) duration of work in brothels, characterized by high mobility between establishments ( Ministry of Public Health, 1993). The rapid rise in HIV infection rates among brothel CSWs, and the common use of CSWs by ethnic Thai, northern Thai, Shan, and highland (Hmong, Lahu, Lisu, Akha, and Karen) men suggests that commercial sex exposure is a particularly high risk behaviour for the acquisition of HIV in Thailand. In Chiang Mai, a provincial capital in northern Thailand, an HIV infection rate of 44 per cent was detected in the first sentinel surveillance of brothel-based CSWs in June 1989. Subsequently, high incidence (over 10 per cent per month) was noted among female CSWs who were HIV-negative on the initial survey ( Siraprapasiriet al., 1991).

This chapter aims to provide recent evidence of social and economic factors underlying the spread and continuation of commercial sex work in northern Thailand, with an emphasis on social and spatial mobility. First, we review the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Thailand before discussing mobility and migration issues in the context of socioeconomic changes that are occurring in South- East Asia. Next, we address commercial sex as a pathway to economic mobility and the individual decisions and structural factors underlying entry into commercial sex work. Recruitment and procurement processes are presented. Finally, we trace the migratory paths of a small group of female sex workers in northern Thailand.

-185-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Sexual Cultures and Migration in the Era of AIDS: Anthropological and Demographic Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 262

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.