Richard Oulahan ( American Institute for Free Labor Development): Is one reason that there has been progress in the negotiations that both sides have started to realize that this is a no-win situation militarily or that the situation has become so stalemated?
Alvaro de Soto: I believe that both sides have come to recognize that military victory is not possible or, if it is possible, that it is only possible at an unbearable cost.This is an intimate belief that I hold, but it is not something that the two sides will necessarily bear me out on. I do not think they will go on record saying that they cannot achieve military victory. But I am convinced that they cannot, and I am convinced that this realization has been an important factor in making the negotiations possible.
Patricia Weiss ( Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees [UNHCR], San Salvador): Given the progress on peace up to this point, could you say something more about how you foresee the modification or evolution of the role of ONUSAL, as it will be undertaking new tasks in the near future?
De Soto: ONUSAL was conceived as an integrated operation responsible for monitoring whatever agreements the parties ask the UN to monitor.It is headed by a civilian and member of the UN staff, Iqbal Riza of Pakistan.As of now, ONUSAL has only a small office under his direction and the Division on Human Rights, which is the mission for verification of human rights that is referred to in the San José agreement; it was established last year.
The Security Council has expressly provided for the possibility of additional components being assigned to ONUSAL as the need may arise.An obvious one is the component that will be needed to monitor