The Jewish and Early Christian Sources of Mediaeval Faith
|1.||JUDAISM AND THE OLD TESTAMENT|
|2.||THE DIASPORA AND PHILO THE JEW|
|3.||THE NEW TESTAMENT AND THE BEGINNINGS OF CHRISTIANITY|
THE OCCIDENT is the heir of a double antiquity; alongside the classical background of mediaeval Christianity and culture lie the great traditions of Judaism and early Christianity. These two strands of culture must have had many things in common, or, later on, they could never have fused. But they started from different premises; the Greeks sought after knowledge, the Jews sought after righteousness. In the quest, however, each culture ranged over the whole of existence and independently discovered nearly all the worlds of thought and emotion knowable to the mind and heart of man.
THE OLD traditional religions of the Greeks and the Romans were not embodied in sacred books. Judaism and Christianity and, later, Mohammedanism were religions of the book. The name, Bible, may come