|1.||THE GREEK FATHERS OF THE CHURCH|
|2.||THE LATIN FATHERS OF THE CHURCH|
|3.||THE BEGINNINGS OF CHRISTIAN POETRY, ART, AND MUSIC|
THE ANCIENT world had been slowly turning toward other-world- liness, mysticism, and asceticism long before the beginning of the Christian Era. This transformation steadily became more marked in the three centuries between Augustus and Constantine, in the centuries that cover first the Apostolic and then the Patristic Ages of the Christian church. "Our fathers," writes Nock, "could quote Swinburne's
Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean;
The world has grown grey from thy breath
and could think in terms of an antithesis between a free, untrammelled Greek mind and a dogmatic mediaevalism, or between clean-limbed models for Pheidias and unwashed hermits. That is all past now. We know that paganism had of itself gone far in the direction of grayness, asceticism, and mysticism."1 Everywhere there was a growing sense of world-worthlessness.
Men of the highest education were no longer ashamed of being superstitious; the unpardonable sin was to be a materialist and an atheist. Sorcery, magic, astrology, sun-worship, other-worldly philoso-