The purpose of this volume is to promote engineering psychophysiology as a discipline and to demonstrate its value to a new audience who, we hope, will consist of ergonomists, human factors psychologists, and engineers. We use a rather broad definition of what constitutes engineering, including all aspects of the fields known as human engineering, industrial engineering, and safety and systems engineering. We had two goals for this volume that are reflected in its sub. title: Issues and Applications.
The goal for the Issues section is to introduce the components critical for the successful application of psychophysiological methods to problems in engineering. In particular, these chapters are intended to provide an introduction for the reader who is unfamiliar with psychophysiology. They are not comprehensive reviews, nor are they tutorials. Instead, their purpose is to provide the new- comer to the discipline with an overview of the basic theoretical, measurement, instrumentation, and experimental design questions inherent in the use of psychophysiological methods. Chapter 1 provides a very brief historical context of engineering psychophysiology as a discipline, introduces some theoretical constructs (e.g., arousal and stress-strain) and provides a taxonomic bibliography of recent research using the predominant measurement techniques in the field. Chapter 2 reviews the major theoretical approaches (i.e., mental work- load and stress-strain) that form the foundation for much of the research of the discipline. Chapter 3 critiques the classical approach to experimental design in psychophysiology and suggests ways in which research in engineering psychophysiology can and should move beyond the classical approach. Chapter 4 reviews bioelectrical signal processing and illustrates how psychophysiological