Digging Up Jericho: The Results of the Jericho Excavations, 1952-1956

By Kathleen M. Kenyon | Go to book overview

CHAPTER SIX
The Proto-Urban Age

THE EVIDENCE at Jericho on the length of time covered by the occupation of the Pottery Neolithic A and B peoples is inconclusive. As has been described in the last chapter, the building operations of the B people have destroyed much of the evidence concerning the A people. The deposits representing the occupation of the B people in their turn were partially destroyed. All the areas so far examined are on the crest or the slope of the mound, and it is apparent that the levels in question have been eroded on a slope, and it is impossible to tell how many phases have completely disappeared. As can be very clearly seen in connection with later periods (see below, pp. 171-2), when there are periods of abandonment of the site, the tendency is for the natural forces of wind and rain to erode the levels of the summit of the tell and wash and blow them away to its foot. There is evidence that between the period of the Pottery B people and the next occupation of the site, there was a period of abandonment, for in one area at least (Trench I) a turf or humus level can be seen, which would have formed only if the site was not occupied. Professor Zeuner has studied the soil of this layer, in comparison with that from a modern humus level, and is of the opinion that an interval of at least three hundred years is required for its formation, and perhaps much longer.

The archæological evidence is in agreement with the stratigraphical in indicating a gap. It does not, however, give much help in estimating the length of the gap. There is as yet no certainty in fixing the date of the beginning of the

-93-

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Digging Up Jericho: The Results of the Jericho Excavations, 1952-1956
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 7
  • Contents 9
  • Text Illustrations 11
  • Illustrations 13
  • Preface 19
  • Chapter One - Introduction 23
  • Chapter Two - The Expedition 31
  • Chapter Three - Setting to Work 39
  • Chapter Four - The First Jericho 51
  • Chapter Five - A Retrogression 77
  • Chapter Six - The Proto-Urban Age 93
  • Chapter Seven - The Early Bronze Age: A Period of Urbanisation 167
  • Chapter Eight - Nomadic Invaders 186
  • Chapter Nine - Jericho in the Time of The Patriarchs 210
  • Chapter Ten - The Tombs of Middle Bronze Age Jericho 233
  • Chapter Eleven - Jericho and the Coming Of the Israelites 256
  • Conclusion 266
  • Index 269
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