Digging Up Jericho: The Results of the Jericho Excavations, 1952-1956

By Kathleen M. Kenyon | Go to book overview

CHAPTER EIGHT
Nomadic Invaders

As our detailed knowledge of Palestinian archæology has gradually increased over the past thirty years or so, it has become apparent that there was a very sharp break between the Early Bronze Age of the third millennium and the Middle Bronze Age of the first half of the second. Common everyday pots are the most sensitive barometer of a drastic change in population. There is virtually no continuity in pottery between the two periods, and it is perhaps even excessive caution to use the qualifying 'virtually'. It is not merely that there is a great technical advance in potting, in that the vessels in common use in the Middle Bronze Age are made on a fast wheel, whereas those of the Early Bronze Age only show a tentative use of a slow wheel in finishing some of the vessels, but all the forms of the vessels are different. In other directions, the change is equally marked; bronze, for instance, takes the place of copper as the common metal.

The recognition of the fact that between the Early Bronze Age and the Middle Bronze Age there lies an essentially different phase, in the century or so on either side of 2000 B.C., is still more recent. Sir Flinders Petrie was the first to record tombs of a different group of people in his excavations of Tell el Ajjul, which he ascribed to a Copper Age, with a chronology now generally recognised as much too early. Professor Albright found similar pottery in the excavations at Tell Beit Mirsim in his level H, lying between an Early Bronze Age level, J, and a level of the full Middle Bronze Age, G. He there classified it as Middle

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Digging Up Jericho: The Results of the Jericho Excavations, 1952-1956
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 7
  • Contents 9
  • Text Illustrations 11
  • Illustrations 13
  • Preface 19
  • Chapter One - Introduction 23
  • Chapter Two - The Expedition 31
  • Chapter Three - Setting to Work 39
  • Chapter Four - The First Jericho 51
  • Chapter Five - A Retrogression 77
  • Chapter Six - The Proto-Urban Age 93
  • Chapter Seven - The Early Bronze Age: A Period of Urbanisation 167
  • Chapter Eight - Nomadic Invaders 186
  • Chapter Nine - Jericho in the Time of The Patriarchs 210
  • Chapter Ten - The Tombs of Middle Bronze Age Jericho 233
  • Chapter Eleven - Jericho and the Coming Of the Israelites 256
  • Conclusion 266
  • Index 269
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