Digging Up Jericho: The Results of the Jericho Excavations, 1952-1956

By Kathleen M. Kenyon | Go to book overview

CHAPTER NINE
Jericho in the time of the Patriarchs

ONCE MORE Palestine had lost a centuries-old civilisation with the invasion of nomads, and once more it had to be re-established. In c. 1990 B.C. the establishment of the Twelfth Dynasty in Egypt brought stability to the Nile Valley, and in the course of the century the power of the Middle Empire was extended up the Syrian coast. The existence of strong government in Egypt, as always, reflected on her neighbours. By at least 1900 B.C. Middle Bronze Age civilisation takes the place of the semi-barbarism of the preceding nomads, a civilisation which was to last without a real interruption till about 1200 B.C.

As far as can be judged from buildings, burial customs, weapons and pottery, the break was again a complete one. It is so complete that again an invasion must be postulated, but one very different from the preceding ones. It is an invasion of townsmen and agriculturalists, and its source is quite clear. It was in the Middle Bronze Age that the unity of culture along the whole Syrian coast from Ras Shamra in the north to the fringes of the Sinai desert in the south was at its strongest. The newcomers in Palestine therefore came, not from inland Syria to the north-east, but from coastal Syria to the north.

To archæologists, the most easily recognisable symptom of such a change is the pottery. The whole repertory of

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Digging Up Jericho: The Results of the Jericho Excavations, 1952-1956
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 7
  • Contents 9
  • Text Illustrations 11
  • Illustrations 13
  • Preface 19
  • Chapter One - Introduction 23
  • Chapter Two - The Expedition 31
  • Chapter Three - Setting to Work 39
  • Chapter Four - The First Jericho 51
  • Chapter Five - A Retrogression 77
  • Chapter Six - The Proto-Urban Age 93
  • Chapter Seven - The Early Bronze Age: A Period of Urbanisation 167
  • Chapter Eight - Nomadic Invaders 186
  • Chapter Nine - Jericho in the Time of The Patriarchs 210
  • Chapter Ten - The Tombs of Middle Bronze Age Jericho 233
  • Chapter Eleven - Jericho and the Coming Of the Israelites 256
  • Conclusion 266
  • Index 269
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