Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery

By John Michael Vlach | Go to book overview

Notes

PREFACE
1.
Leon F. Litwack, Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery ( New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979), pp. 307, 208; Claude F. Oubre, Forty Acres and a Mule: The Freedmen's Bureau and Black Land Ownership ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978), p. 53; Eric Foner , Nothing But Freedom: Emancipation and Its Legacy ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983), p. 82.
2.
Quoted in Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution: 1863-1877 ( New York: Harper and Row, 1988), p. 105.
3.
Quoted in Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made ( New York: Random House, 1972), p. 137.
4.
Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside: A South Carolina Slave Community ( Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1984)., pp. 42-43.
5.
Julia Floyd Smith, Slavery and Rice Culture in Low Country Georgia, 1750-1860 ( Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985), p. 33.
6.
Rhys Isaac, The Transformation of Virginia, 1740- 1790 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982), p. 53.
7.
See Charles E. Peterson, "Memo to the National Park Service, 1933," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 16, no. 3 ( 1957): 30 (emphasis added).
8.
All quotes, even those rendered in obviously caricatured versions of black dialect, have been quoted exactly as they appear in their original sources. In so doing, I follow the advice of historian Lawrence W. Levine, who writes, Any attempt to standardize [dialect spellings of black English] into some ideal form of Afro-American dialect would have the effect of distorting it even more, since there was no standard black dialect covering all sections of the country and all periods from the antebellum South through the 1940s ( Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom [ New York: Oxford University Press, 1977, pp. xv-xvi).
9.
C. Vann Woodward, American Counterpoint: Slavery and Racism in the North-South Dialogue ( Boston: Little, Brown, 1971), pp. 5-6.

CHAPTER ONE
1.
Edmund S. Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1975), p. 94.
2.
Quoted in Rhys Isaac, The Transformation of Virginia, 1740-1790 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982), p. 33.
3.
Quoted in Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom, p. 220.
4.
John R. Stilgoe, Common Landscape of America, 1580 to 1845 ( New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1982), pp. 75-76.
5.
Louis B. Wright, The First Gentlemen of Virginia: Intellectual Qualities of the Early Colonial Ruling Class ( San Marino, Calif.: The Huntington Library, 1940), pp. 158, 190, 286, 346.
6.
Thomas Tileston Waterman, The Mansions of Virginia, 1706-1776 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1946), pp. 22-25; Nicholas Luccketti, "Archaeological Excavations at Bacon's Castle, Surry County, Virginia," in William M. Kelso and Rachel Most, eds., Earth Patterns: Essays in Landscape Archaeology ( Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1990), pp. 24, 27, 32, 35.
7.
W. G. Hoskins, The Making of the English Landscape ( London: Pelican, 1970), pp. 167, 170.
8.
Gregory A. Stiverson and Patrick H. Butler III, eds., "Virginia in 1732: The Travel Journal of William Hugh Grove," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 85 ( 1977): 26.
9.
Louis Morton, Robert Carter of Nomini Hall: A Virginia Tobacco Planter of the Eighteenth Century ( Williamsburg, Va.: Colonial Williamsburg, Inc., 1941), p. 207, n. 4.
10.
Wright, First Gentlemen of Virginia, p. 330.
11.
Waterman, Mansions of Virginia, pp. 108-9.
12.
Quoted in Anne Leighton, "For Use or for Delight": American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976), p. 269; see also Clement Eaton, The Growth of Southern Civilization, 1790-1860 ( New York: Harper and Row, 1966), pp. 3-4.
13.
Samuel Gaillard Stoney, Plantations of the Carolina Low Country ( Charleston: South Carolina Art Association, 1955), pp. 59, 61-62, 119, 170-75.
14.
Dell Upton, "White and Black Landscapes in Eighteenth-Century Virginia," Places 2, no. 2 ( 1985): 66.

-237-

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Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page ii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgements xvii
  • One the Plantation Landscape 1
  • Two Big Quarters 18
  • Three the Yard 33
  • Four Kitchens 43
  • Five Smokehouses 63
  • Six Outbuildings 77
  • Seven Barns and Stables 107
  • Eight Production Machinery and Buildings 123
  • Nine Overseers' Houses 135
  • Ten Building for Slave Welfare 142
  • Eleven Quarters for Field Slaves 153
  • Twelve Plantation Landscape Ensembles 183
  • Thirteen Conclusion 228
  • Notes 237
  • Index 251
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