The Apocryphal Old Testament

By H. F. D. Sparks | Go to book overview

1 ENOCH

INTRODUCTION

The patriarch Enoch was well known in pre-Christian Judaism and in the primitive Church, not merely as a paragon of righteousness, but also as an author whose writings had a wide circulation and in some quarters were accepted as 'scripture'. The Book of Jubilees represents him as the inventor of writing, and it refers to his having written several apparently quite unrelated works dealing with 'the signs of heaven', his own vision of 'what will happen to the sons of men in every generation', and certain angelic revelations concerning 'everything on earth and in the heavens':1 later on, his 'special function' is described as 'to be a witness to the world's generations and report all the deeds of each generation till the day of judgement';2 and, later still, the dying Abraham is reported as telling Isaac that he had found certain regulations about sacrifice 'written . . . in the words of Enoch'.3 In the New Testament, the Epistle of Jude explicitly quotes Enoch and introduces the quotation with the formula 'Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied, saying . . .'4 Thereafter quotations and references are frequent. Thus, the Epistle of Barnabas quotes him ('. . . concerning which it is written, as Enoch says, . . .'),5 and the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs have no less than nine references to material contained in the 'words', or 'writing', or 'book', or 'books', 'of Enoch'.6

Among the Fathers, Tertullian, although he himself accepted Enoch, knew of some who did not.7 Origen quoted and referred to Enoch, but he had reservations;8 and he was at pains to point out to Celsus that 'the books entitled "Enoch" are not generally held to

____________________
1
Jub. iv. 17-21.
2
Jub. x. 17.
3
Jub. xxi. 10.
4
Jude 14-15.
5
Ep. Barn. iv. 3 (the quotation at xvi. 5 is attributed to 'Scripture', and that at xvi. 6 is introduced by 'it is written': in neither case is Enoch mentioned by name).
6
It should be noted, however, that there is textual uncertainty in five of these instances.
7
Tert. cult. fem. I. iii. 1.
8
Orig. In Ioann. VI. xlii (25); in Num. hom. xxviii. 2.

-169-

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The Apocryphal Old Testament
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations and Symbols xix
  • Jubilees 1
  • Prologue 10
  • The Life of Adam and Eve 141
  • Appendix - Eve's Account of the Fall from the Apocalypse of Moses XV-Xxx 161
  • 1 - Enoch 169
  • 2 - Enoch 321
  • The Apocalypse of Abraham 363
  • The Testament of Abraham 393
  • The Testament of Isaac 423
  • The Testament of Jacob 441
  • The Ladder of Jacob 453
  • Joseph and Aseneth 465
  • The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 505
  • The Assumption of Moses 601
  • The Testament of Job 617
  • The Psalms of Solomon 649
  • The Odes of Solomon 683
  • The Testament of Solomon 733
  • The Apocalypse of Elijah 753
  • The Ascension of Isaiah 775
  • The Paraleipomena of Jeremiah 813
  • The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch 835
  • The Greek Apocalypse of Baruch 897
  • The Apocalypse of Zephaniah and an Anonymous Apocalypse 915
  • The Apocalypse of Esdras 927
  • The Vision of Esdras 943
  • Bibliography 946
  • The Apocalypse of Sedrach 953
  • Bibliography 956
  • Index of Scriptural References 967
  • Index of Ancient Authors and Works 973
  • Index of Modern Authors 975
  • Index of Subjects 981
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