The Apocryphal Old Testament

By H. F. D. Sparks | Go to book overview

THE ODES OF SOLOMON

INTRODUCTION

For the text of the Odes we are dependent on two Syriac MSS (both defective), supplemented by a Greek text of one of the Odes and also by a Coptic version of five of them preserved in the well-known Gnostic work Pistis Sophia.

The two Syriac MSS are: (1) Rylands Cod. Syr. 9 (16th cent.: = H) in the John Rylands Library at Manchester, which contains all the Odes except i, ii, and the beginning of iii; and (2) B.L. Addit. 14538 (9th or 10th cent.: = B), which has a much greater deficiency at the beginning, but is complete from the middle of xvii. 7 to the end. The text of the single ode which has survived in Greek (Ode xi) is one of a number of items in a 3rd century papyrus codex in the Bodmer collection at Geneva (Pap. Bod. XI).1 The five odes preserved in Coptic in the Pistis Sophia are i, v, vi, xxii, and xxv. Ode ii is thus unattested by any authority, as is also the beginning of Ode iii.

Ode i is extant only in Coptic and our translation of it has been made by Dr. K. H. Kuhn from Schmidt's text of the Pistis Sophia. Otherwise the translation is from the Syriac. It follows mainly the text of H, although from xvii. 7 onwards B has been preferred occasionally: all differences between H and B, however, have been recorded in the footnotes, as well as the Coptic and Greek variants where they occur.

If we take the Odes as they stand, there can be no doubt at all that they are Christian. Christ is mentioned by name: there are references to events in the Gospels (e.g., to the Baptism in xxiv);

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The remaining items in the codex are a miscellaneous collection -- two psalms from the Old Testament, Jude and the two Epistles of Peter from the New Testament, the apocryphal correspondence of St. Paul with the Corinthians, the Nativity of Mary (The Apocalypse of James), the Apology of Phileas, and Melito Homily on the Pasch.

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The Apocryphal Old Testament
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations and Symbols xix
  • Jubilees 1
  • Prologue 10
  • The Life of Adam and Eve 141
  • Appendix - Eve's Account of the Fall from the Apocalypse of Moses XV-Xxx 161
  • 1 - Enoch 169
  • 2 - Enoch 321
  • The Apocalypse of Abraham 363
  • The Testament of Abraham 393
  • The Testament of Isaac 423
  • The Testament of Jacob 441
  • The Ladder of Jacob 453
  • Joseph and Aseneth 465
  • The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 505
  • The Assumption of Moses 601
  • The Testament of Job 617
  • The Psalms of Solomon 649
  • The Odes of Solomon 683
  • The Testament of Solomon 733
  • The Apocalypse of Elijah 753
  • The Ascension of Isaiah 775
  • The Paraleipomena of Jeremiah 813
  • The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch 835
  • The Greek Apocalypse of Baruch 897
  • The Apocalypse of Zephaniah and an Anonymous Apocalypse 915
  • The Apocalypse of Esdras 927
  • The Vision of Esdras 943
  • Bibliography 946
  • The Apocalypse of Sedrach 953
  • Bibliography 956
  • Index of Scriptural References 967
  • Index of Ancient Authors and Works 973
  • Index of Modern Authors 975
  • Index of Subjects 981
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