The Apocryphal Old Testament

By H. F. D. Sparks | Go to book overview

THE SYRIAC APOCALYPSE OF BARUCH

INTRODUCTION

References and quotations in patristic writers make it clear that several other books, either attributed to, or connected with, Baruch were known in antiquity in addition to the Baruch of our Apocrypha and the books translated in the present collection. Thus, we hear of: (1) a book of ' Baruch', to which three MSS of Cyprian Testimonia ascribe an otherwise unknown quotation of some twelve lines, which appears (in these MSS only) at Test. iii. 29: (2) a book, from 'near the end of which' an alleged prophecy of Christ's birth, mode of dress, death, and resurrection, is quoted in the Altercatio legis inter Simonem Iudaeum et Theophilum Christianum of the monk Evagrius;1 and (3) a Gnostic book which is quoted and discussed at length by Hippolytus.2 But about these books we have no further information. As books they have disappeared completely.

The Syriac Apocalypse only narrowly escaped a similar fate. For reasons at which we can but guess, it seems to have been especially popular in the Syriac-speaking churches of the East and on occasion to have been included in the Syriac Bible. Normally, however, only chaps. lxxviii-lxxxvi were included in the Bible; and these chapters appeared as an independent work, with the title 'The Epistle of Baruch', or something similar, and with no hint that they were an extract. It thus came about that, although the 'Epistle' was well known to the modern world because it was found in a

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1
See CSEL xlv ( Vienna, 1904), p. 19. The possibility that this book is to be identified with The Paraleipomena of Jeremiah (which has a prophecy of the coming of Christ in the middle of the final chapter: see Par. Jer. ix. 13-18) would seem to be ruled out by the fact that the words quoted by 'Theophilus' are not found there. However, the whole section Par. Jer. ix. 10-32 is easily detachable (see above pp. 816-7), and it may be that 'Theophilus' was quoting from a different recension.
2
Hippolyt. Philosoph. v. 24-27.

-835-

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The Apocryphal Old Testament
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations and Symbols xix
  • Jubilees 1
  • Prologue 10
  • The Life of Adam and Eve 141
  • Appendix - Eve's Account of the Fall from the Apocalypse of Moses XV-Xxx 161
  • 1 - Enoch 169
  • 2 - Enoch 321
  • The Apocalypse of Abraham 363
  • The Testament of Abraham 393
  • The Testament of Isaac 423
  • The Testament of Jacob 441
  • The Ladder of Jacob 453
  • Joseph and Aseneth 465
  • The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 505
  • The Assumption of Moses 601
  • The Testament of Job 617
  • The Psalms of Solomon 649
  • The Odes of Solomon 683
  • The Testament of Solomon 733
  • The Apocalypse of Elijah 753
  • The Ascension of Isaiah 775
  • The Paraleipomena of Jeremiah 813
  • The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch 835
  • The Greek Apocalypse of Baruch 897
  • The Apocalypse of Zephaniah and an Anonymous Apocalypse 915
  • The Apocalypse of Esdras 927
  • The Vision of Esdras 943
  • Bibliography 946
  • The Apocalypse of Sedrach 953
  • Bibliography 956
  • Index of Scriptural References 967
  • Index of Ancient Authors and Works 973
  • Index of Modern Authors 975
  • Index of Subjects 981
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