The Apocryphal Old Testament

By H. F. D. Sparks | Go to book overview

THE APOCALYPSE OF ESDRAS

INTRODUCTION

Apart from the canonical Book of Ezra in the Old Testament, several apocryphal books bearing Ezra's name have been at one time or another known and esteemed in the Church.

In the MSS of the Greek Bible the book entitled 'Esdras A' represents a parallel version of the material contained in the canonical 2 Chron.xxxv-xxxvi, Ezra, and Nehemiah: there are two substantial omissions, one noteworthy addition, and a variety of minor variations both in order and in detail. There is no reason for thinking that Esdras A was derived directly from the canonical Ezra-Nehemiah, either in Hebrew or in Greek: in all probability it was a fresh Greek translation of a different recension of the Hebrew. In the Latin Bible it appears as 'III Ezra' (or Esdras), and it is now usually printed an an appendix after the New Testament. In the English Apocrypha it stands first as '1 Esdras'.1

'2 Esdras', which stands next in our Apocrypha, is a completely independent work with complications of its own. In the Latin Bible it is identified as 'IV Ezra' (or Esdras), and in the modern editions follows 'III Ezra' in the appendix. The central part of the book (chaps. iii-xiv) is preserved not only in Latin, but also in not less than seven Oriental versions; and it is evident from quotations in the Fathers that there was at one time a Greek version as well. Most scholars regard chaps. iii-xiv (which are in form an apocalypse) as the original core, written by a Jew in either Hebrew or Aramaic about the end of the first cent. AD, to which were added subsequently chaps. i-ii as an introduction and chaps. xv-xvi as a conclusion. These additions now survive only in Latin, although a 4th cent. fragment of a Greek text of xv. 57-59 is known, havingbeen published in 1910.2 It is not uncommon, following the lead of

____________________
1
'Esdras B' of the Greek Bible is the translation of the canonical Ezra-Nehemiah (reckoned as a single book). In the Latin tradition, however, it became the custom to distinguish them: hence in Latin Bibles 'I Ezra' (or Esdras) = the canonical Ezra and 'II Ezra' (or Esdras) = the canonical Nehemiah.
2
Pap. Oxyr. 1010. Published by A. S. Hunt in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, vii ( 1910), pp. 11-15.

-927-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Apocryphal Old Testament
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations and Symbols xix
  • Jubilees 1
  • Prologue 10
  • The Life of Adam and Eve 141
  • Appendix - Eve's Account of the Fall from the Apocalypse of Moses XV-Xxx 161
  • 1 - Enoch 169
  • 2 - Enoch 321
  • The Apocalypse of Abraham 363
  • The Testament of Abraham 393
  • The Testament of Isaac 423
  • The Testament of Jacob 441
  • The Ladder of Jacob 453
  • Joseph and Aseneth 465
  • The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 505
  • The Assumption of Moses 601
  • The Testament of Job 617
  • The Psalms of Solomon 649
  • The Odes of Solomon 683
  • The Testament of Solomon 733
  • The Apocalypse of Elijah 753
  • The Ascension of Isaiah 775
  • The Paraleipomena of Jeremiah 813
  • The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch 835
  • The Greek Apocalypse of Baruch 897
  • The Apocalypse of Zephaniah and an Anonymous Apocalypse 915
  • The Apocalypse of Esdras 927
  • The Vision of Esdras 943
  • Bibliography 946
  • The Apocalypse of Sedrach 953
  • Bibliography 956
  • Index of Scriptural References 967
  • Index of Ancient Authors and Works 973
  • Index of Modern Authors 975
  • Index of Subjects 981
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 990

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.