Apocalypse. He makes no mention of Christians as such, or of Christian worthies; and there are no explicit references in the Vision to the New Testament (other than to Herod 'who in Bethlehem of Judaea killed young children because of the Lord'). On the other hand, there are references to 'the Lord's Day' (10), to 'baptism' (46), to the 'Mass' (10 LH), to 'confession' (26 VH, 36 VH, 64), and to 'penance' (36 VH, 64). And with this agrees the author's concentration on the torments in Hell. The Apocalypse of Peter (? 2nd cent.) provides a very early example of Christian interest in these matters, and the Apocalypse of Paul (xxxi-xliv) another, rather later (4th cent.).
About the date of the Vision it is impossible to say very much. If it was written in Latin, it could be as late as the 10th cent. (the date of the earliest MS). If, on the other hand, our Latin text is a translation of a Greek original, any date between the 5th and 9th centuries is possible.7
G. MERCATI, Note di letteratura biblica e cristiana antica (= Studi e Testi, V; Rome, 1901), pp. 61-73.
O. WAHL, Apocalypsis Esdrae. Apocalypsis Sedrach. Visio Beati Esdrae (= PVTG iv; Leiden, 1977), pp. 49-61.
P. RIESSLER, AjSaB2, pp.350-354.____________________