McCarthyism: The Fight for America

By Joe McCarthy | Go to book overview

CHAPTER III
What Has Been Proved?
ALL of those you named before the Tydings Committee were cleared by that committee. Since then have any of them been removed from the government on the grounds that they were either disloyal or bad security risks?Yes, following is a partial list:
John Stewart Service

Service was dismissed from the State Department on December 13, 1951, on orders from the Loyalty Review Board which reversed the State Department's previous clearance.

Edward Posniak

Posniak, after having been cleared by the State Department Loyalty Board in November, 1948, resigned after I exposed his record. He was subsequently called for questioning before a Grand Jury.

Esther Brunauer

Mrs. Brunauer has been suspended from a high State Department job where she was handling secret material.

Stephen Brunauer

Brunauer, an admitted former member of the Young Communist League, was suspended from his job as head of the Navy's high explosives section where he was engaged in top secret work. He resigned before the Navy's Loyalty Board could complete questioning him and dispose of his case.

Peveril Meigs

Meigs was allowed to resign from the State Department with a clear record. He then obtained a job with the Military Establishment. He was discharged from that job under the Loyalty Program.

Hans Lansberg

Lensberg had been allowed to resign from the State Department with a clear record. He then secured a position as an Economist with the Department of Commerce. The Secretary of Commerce ordered Lansberg discharged under the Loyalty Program. The Loyalty Review Board, upon appeal, affirmed the action of the Secretary of Commerce, and Lansberg was removed from his position on May 25, 1951.

Oliver Edmund Clubb

Clubb, Director of the State Department's Division of Chinese Affairs, was cleared by the Tydings Committee, but the State Department Loyalty Board unanimously ruled against Clubb. Dean Acheson, however, overruled his own Loyalty Board and gave Clubb a clean bill of health, after which Clubb immediately resigned to accept a life pension of $5,800.*

William Remington

Ramington was convicted in connection with his membership in the Communist Party and sentenced to 5 years. Remington was on the Commerce Department's payroll but working closely with the State Department, handling secret material. When his case was presented to the Tydings Committee, that committee failed to hear the evidence and cleared him. Remington was later indicted by a Grand Jury. Evidence presented at his trial showed that he had supplied secret government documents to a Soviet courier. He was convicted and sentenced to 5 years. His conviction was act aside on technical grounds. He has since been reindicted on 5 counts.

V. Lorwin

Lorwin was suspended under the State Department's Loyalty Program (according to a letter received from the Chairman of the Civil Service Loyalty Review Board in June, 1951).

William T. Stone

Stone was ordered removed under the State Department Security Program while he was assistant to Assistant Secretary of State William Benton (now Senator Benton). However, Benton failed to remove Stone in accordance with that order. On February 2, 1952, Stone resigned after the Civil Service Commission Loyalty Review Board had selected a panel to rehear his case.

The list is growing from month to month. It should be remembered that it took ten years to get rid of Hiss after he had been named as a Communist spy.

What has happened to Ambassador Jessup and the State Department's Far Eastern expert John P. Davies, who were named by you?

A subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee found Ambassador Jessup unfit to represent this country and rejected his nomination as U. S. Delegate to the United Nations. Nevertheless, after Congress adjourned, President Truman gave Jessup an interim appointment as U. S. Delegate to the U. N. As this is written, Jessup is the State Department's Ambassador-at- Large.

John Patton Davies was cleared by the State Department Loyalty Board. His case has since been referred to the Attorney General by the McCarran Committee.

You have referred to the State Department Loyalty Board and the Civil Service Commission Loyalty Review Board. Will you explain the differenee?

The State Department Loyalty Board consists of a panel of State Department employees selected by Dean Acheson or his assistant. Their task is to bear the evidence and pass judgment upon their fellow State Department employees who, as a result of investigations by the FBI and

____________________
*
While I gave the Tydings Committee information on Clubb, he was not one of the 81 cases.

-13-

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