McCarthyism: The Fight for America

By Joe McCarthy | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XI
The Penalty For Loyalty In The State Department

Is not your claim of Communists in the State Department unfair to the loyal Americans in the State Department?

This perhaps can best be answered by asking you the question of whether it is unfair to the loyal, honest employees of a bank to expose and convict the cashier who is embezzling the bank's funds.

I am well aware of the fact that the vast majority of people working in the State Department are good, loyal, honest Americans. Some of them have unstintingly devoted their entire lives, and at meager salaries, in the interest of America. I know perhaps better than anyone how painfully aware those loyal people are of the minions of Stalin who have been betraying this nation. I have positive knowledge that they are heartily in favor of my fight to remove the traitors from their midst.

It is those who have insisted on protecting Communists in the State Department who are unfair to the vast number of honest, loyal employees in that Department. Perhaps I have no better supporters in my fight than the good Americans in the State Department.

Red Experts in State Department Ignored

In this connection, let me quote a statement I made before the Tydings Committee on March 14, 1950:

"The Department of State of the United States operates with thousands of employees and requires a tremendous budget which has aided materially in placing on the American people the greatest tax burden they have ever been called upon to bear.

"All. but a small handful of those employees are honest and loyal Americans. The State Department is their life work. They have given to it years of service, unquestioned loyalty; and they have served it with great pride.

"In the far-flung places of the world, these loyal men and women have spent their lives and exercised all their ingenuity to give to their Department and their Government every possible bit of information and advice they thought useful.

"Career employees of the State Department, by virtue of their long residence in every foreign country on the globe and their close association and friendship with citizens and officials of those countries, have had access to, have reported on, every phase of economic and political affairs in the nations to which they are attached.

"These are the real 'experts' of the State Department.

"It is a tragedy when we find the advice and experiences of such outstandingly able employees stored in a multitude of steel filing cases and disregarded while the Department of State's closed corporation of 'untouchables' calls upon pro-Communist idealists, crackpots, and, to put it mildly, 'bad security risks' to advise them on American diplomatic policy."283

Where have you gotten your information on Communists in government?

From a vast number of sources.

One of the reasons why I have been able to get information is that every government employee who gives me information knows that he will be fully protected and that under no circumstances will his job be endangered because he, as a loyal American, has given a Senator information on traitors.

I have not and do not intend ever to break faith with those people. The Tydings committee tried to get their names, but failed. No other committee will get their names.

If a government employee has information on another employee, why should he not take that information to the security officer of his department rather than to you?

As far as I know, all information given me has been brought to the attention of the proper officials.

Unfortunately, experience has shown that a State Department employee who furnishes evidence of Communistic activities in the State Department merely endangers his job and the information is pigeon-holed.

State Department Security Officer Threatens Retaliation

Carlisle Humelsine, Under-Secretary of State in charge of security, publicly stated on a nationwide, television network on August 19, 1951, that if the State Department could find out who is giving me information on the Communists in government, those individuals -- not the Communists -- would be discharged.

Can you give an example of what happens to a State Department employee who attempts to expose Communism?

On June 16, 1948, while General Marshall was Secretary of State, Robert C. Alexander, who was employed in the visa division of the State Department, testified under oath that Communists were allowed to enter the United States under the protection of the United Nations. Secretary of State Marshall immediately denied the truth of this statement and set up a committee which denounced Alexander's allegations as "irresponsible and untrue." On September 9, 1948, Alexander received a letter from the State Department which contained the following:

"The Department proposes to take appropriate disciplinary action against you . . . for misconduct in office and dereliction of duty.

"The intended action rose out of your testimony and inferences arising from your statements made before the staff of the subcommittee on Immigration and Naturalization, Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate

____________________
283
Tydings Committee Hearings, Pt. 1. March 14, 1950, pp. 141, 142.

-81-

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