CRIMINALS OF THE UPPERWORLD
One of the most difficult tasks of the criminologist is to define what he means by a criminal. No clean line can be drawn that will separate criminals from noncriminals nor mark off nicely the varying degrees of criminality. For sociological purposes, the legal concept of the criminal is unsuitable. Technical offenders who break laws that require no criminal intent or that have little moral significance are not apt to have the criminal nature that demands our interest. The criminologist would like to leave these pseudocriminals aside and consider only "real" criminals. Not all of these are of equal importance. Occasionally men of previously good behavior are overwhelmed by a crisis too great for them to conquer. It may never recur and they may never relapse. The defect may be chiefly within themselves (the psychoneurotic offender) or in their environment (unusual provocation). These men may lack steadiness, but they have not the criminal habit.
Among the real criminals, then, it is the habitual offenders who are____________________