Egypt in Transition

By Jean Lacouture; Simonne Lacouture et al. | Go to book overview
A Chronology of Modern Egypt
1798 Landing of Bonaparte's expeditionary force.
1801 Withdrawal, resulting from General Menou's defeat at Canopus.
1805 Mohamed Ali, an Albanian officer, acclaimed Pasha of Cairo.
1811 He had 400 Mamelukes massacred in the Cairo Citadel.
1820-3 Conquest of the Sudan by Mohamed Ali's troops.
1832 Mohamed Ali's son Ibrahim crushed the Turkish army at Koniya.
1839 Ibrahim's further victory over the Turks at Nizib.
1840 Mohamed Ali established hereditary rule in Egypt.
1849 Death of Mohamed Ali.
1854 Ali's second successor, Said, makes a concession to Lesseps, giving him the right to cut a canal.
1859 Work was begun on cutting through the isthmus.
1863 The Khedive Ismail succeeded Said.
1869 Opening of Suez Canal.
1876 Financial crisis in Egypt resulted in the floating of a Foreign Debt Control.
1879 Ismail deposed by the 'Sublime Porte' on the initiative of the Western Powers.
1881 A nationalist movement led by Colonel Arabi struck against foreign misrule and the new Khedive, Tewfiq.
1882 Great Britain intervened, the British fleet bombarding Alexandria. Arabi arrested and tried. The British 'provisional' occupation of Egypt began.
1885 Egypt driven from the Sudan by the Dervish revolt.
1899 After the re-conquest of the Sudan, London and Cairo establish a 'condominium'.
1914 Egypt became a British Protectorate.
1918 Sa'd Zaghlul led a delegation asking for Egypt's independence.
1919 London refused. Outbreak of revolution.
1922 Declaration of Egyptian independence.
1924 (April) Election of the first Parliament, with a large Wafdist majority.

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Egypt in Transition
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 5
  • Contents 7
  • Illustrations 8
  • Introduction - Egyptian Continuity And Revolutions 11
  • Part One - The Awakening of Egypt 37
  • I - The Advent of Bonaparte 39
  • II - Mohamed Ali Creates a State 50
  • III - The Cotton Boom 56
  • IV - A Revolution in Irrigation 60
  • V - The Adventurous Khedive 63
  • VI - The Arabi Revolt 69
  • VII - The Reformers 74
  • VIII - British Technocracy 78
  • IX - The 1919 Revolution 82
  • X - The Wafd 86
  • XI - Making the Best of War -- 1939 97
  • XII - The Burning of Cairo 105
  • Part Two - The Officers' Republic 123
  • I - A Short History of the 'Free Officers' Movement 125
  • II - Power -- to What Purpose? 160
  • III - Neguib's Fall 179
  • IV - The Structure of Nasser's State 192
  • V - The 'Diplomacy' of Small Nations 196
  • VI - The Political Parties 240
  • VII - Revolutionary Tendencies, 1952-57 275
  • VIII - Not a Real Revolution. 292
  • Part Three - Working Life in The Valley 307
  • I - The Land and Its Men 309
  • II - The Agrarian Reform 340
  • III - The Problem of Over-Population 357
  • IV - Economic Growing-Pains 362
  • V - Industrialization and Social Problems 367
  • VI - The Aswan Dam Problem 388
  • Part Four - Forging a Society 397
  • I - Cairo -- City of Convulsions 399
  • II - In Search of a National Culture 413
  • III - Egypt, Islam and the Modern World 430
  • Part Five - The Great Test 451
  • I - Nasser as He Really Is 453
  • II - The Suez Crisis 467
  • III - The Franco-British Invasion 481
  • IV - Egypt Carries On 493
  • V - The 'United Arab State' 505
  • A Chronology of Modern Egypt 515
  • Reading List 519
  • Index 523
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