approach to measurement and evaluation
Indeed, the application of scientific knowledge to determine the kind and amount of physical activity needed to meet the individual child's needs is imperative to the further improvement of physical education programs.
Why a course in tests and measurements? This is a logical question and deserves a complete answer. As a physical educator you are going to be entrusted with the most priceless product on earth, children. The pupils under your guidance are individuals and as such require specific attention. A child is extremely complex in make-up and decidedly unique in many respects. He has varying abilities in the numerous physical and mental skills required of him by the culture he has inherited, and he has certain physiological limitations. In some skills he will excel; in others he will lack ability. Since it is acknowledged that some pupils can handle a more difficult course of instruction than others, how does the teacher select the proper program for each pupil? He does this through the use of evaluation and measurement techniques.
Evaluation implies the judgment, appraisal, rating, and interpretation so fundamental to the total educational process. Such qualitative methods and instruments as teacher observation, judgments, surveys, anecdotal records, check lists, score cards, and questionnaires are employed to consider evidence in the light of value standards and in terms of the particular situation and the goals of the group or individual. Evaluation is a continuous process dealing with the overall goals of education.