Whether using dynamometers or subjective appraisal, there are four good reasons that show why evaluating the strength of pupils could be vitally important to the physical educator, to his program, and to his pupils: (1) strength is necessary for good appearance; (2) strength is basic to good performance in skills; (3) strength is valued highly as a measure of physical fitness; and (4) maintenance of strength may serve as a prophylaxis against certain orthopedic deficiencies.
Strength and appearance. A girl wants to be beautiful; a boy desires to be strong, with a nice-looking physique. These are natural desires-- they are ranked at the top of the list as highly valued possessions by youth themselves. Providing that no pathologic condition is involved, a strong physique can be obtained in a comparatively short period of time. Masculine bodies can be made strong and flexible in a matter of months; Atlas does it. Girls' appearances can be improved both in body form and in basic movements of standing, walking, and sitting; modeling schools do it.
Through the cooperation of the physical education and the home economics departments, public schools usually have professional personnel trained for development and maintenance of beautiful physiques for both boys and girls. Guidance in grooming and nutrition coupled with proper body building programs, as determined from testing results, can be one of the most worthwhile endeavors in our entire education regimen. We must take advantage of this know-how if physical education as a profession is to achieve its greatest potential.
Strength as basic to good performance in skills. Strength is basic to performance in activities. By measuring we can determine the status of our pupils and hence construct a more effective program to meet pupil needs. By first assaying muscular development, it can be determined