motor fitness tests
The term "motor fitness" became popular during World War II. It may be defined as a limited phase of motor ability, emphasizing capacity for vigorous work. The aspects selected for emphasis are endurance, power, strength, agility, flexibility, and balance. More specifically, motor fitness might be referred to as efficient performance in such basic requirements as running, jumping, dodging, falling, climbing, swimming, lifting weights, carrying loads, and enduring sustained effort in a variety of situations. This type of measurement logically reflects the kind of fitness required of most military personnel. Numerous tests of motor fitness were devised and used in the various branches of the armed services.
The ease of administration, the small amount of training required for testing, and the economy of equipment involved contribute to the utility of these tests. The test results may be used to show the fitness status of the pupil, to measure improvement, and to serve as a basis for general ability classification in the physical education program. Although certain of the tests have norms constructed from a Sigma or T-scale, it is recommended that each teacher construct norms from his own pupils. He will then know that the scaled scores apply to his own group. Such factors as age, height, and weight of participants, and nature and intensity of the program will affect the norms.
Motor fitness tests are not beyond the reach of any school system desirous of initiating a measurement program. The tests are functional as well as objective in measuring a certain phase of fitness. It is possible to train student leaders to help in the administration of the test batteries. Because the tests are self-administered, the pupils may practice on their own to gain higher scores, at the same time increasing fitness.
It should be remembered that before data are collected for use in evaluation, as well as for constructing norms, the pupils should have sufficient experience with the test items. During the practice sessions the youngsters may become oriented as to the proper execution of the test as