nutritional measurements and somatotype
Influence on the development of strong, healthy bodies is greatest during the growing years. A primary cause of interruption of the normal growth cycle of children is nutritive deficiency. As a result of the pre-induction physical examination during World War II it was found that one-third of the draftees were unfit for military service directly or indirectly because of nutritional deficiencies.
Furthermore, studies conducted by the National Research Council have revealed that there is widespread prevalence of moderately deficient diets in the United States.8
The physical educator is in a vital position to detect and refer cases of possible malnutrition to the health or medical specialist. Because nutrition plays such an important role in the general physical fitness of the child this chapter is devoted to methods of appraising the nutritional status of the public school child.
According to Lusk, nutrition may be defined as the sum processes concerned with growth, maintenance, and repair of the living body as a whole or of its constituent parts.9 Nutrition deals with the individual cells of the body and the constant exchange of nutrients. Therefore, nutrition is primarily concerned with the supply of essential foodstuffs to all the