Measurement in Physical Education

By Donald K. Mathews; Nancy Allison Close | Go to book overview

TABLE 42. Sloan-Weir Formulas for Predicting Body Density and Total Body Fat*
Female Male
Height 174 cm. 178 cm.
Weight 59 kg. 75.9 kg.
Thigh skinfold - 18 mm.
Subscapular skinfold - -
Suprailiac skinfold 19 mm. -
Triceps skinfold 15 mm. 9.5 mm.
Actual density 1.0524 gm./ml. 1.0678 gm./ml.
(measured by underwater weighing)
Predicted density 1.0478 gm./ml. 1.0693 gm./ml.
Fat 21.9% 13.1%
Men: 1.1043 - 0.00133 (Thigh skinfold) - 0.00131 (subscapular skinfold)
       1.1043 - .0350 = 1.0693 gm./ml. (Standard error of estimate = 0.0069 gm./ml.)
Women: 1.0764 - 0.00081 (suprailiac skinfold) - 0.00088 (triceps skinfold)
       1.0764 - .0286 = 1.0478 gm./ml. (Standard error of estimate = 0.0082 gm./ml.)
Fat Percentage = 4.570/Body density - 4.142 × 100.
*Data by Sloan and Weir and recalculated by L. Lanbach of Webb Associates,
Yellow Springs, Ohio.
Sloan, A. W. and Weir, J. B. de V.: "Nomograms for Prediction of Body Density and
Total Body Fat from Skinfold Measurements". J. App. Physiol., Vol. 28, No. 2, February,
1970, p. 221.

By using the formula developed by Brozek et al., Sloan and Weir14 could relate total body fat to body density and thus predict body fat from these two skinfold measurements. The formulas and an example of computation appear in Table 42 while Figure 93 contains the nomograms.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Behnke, A. R.: "Quantitative Assessment of Body Build". J. Appl. Physiol., Vol. 16, No. 6, 1961, pp. 960-968.

Bogert, L. Jean: Nutrition and Physical Fitness. 6th ed. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1954.

3. Brozek, J., and Keys, A.: "The Evaluation of Leanness-Fitness in Man: Norms and Interrelationships". Brit. J. Nutr., 5:194-206, 1951.

Carter, William E.: "The Pirquet System of Nutrition and Its Applicability to American Conditions". J.A.M.A., Vol. 77, No. 20, November 12, 1921.

Consolazio, C. Frank, Johnson, Robert E., and Pecora, Louis J.: Physiological Measurements of Metabolic Functions in Man. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1963, p. 303.

6. Franzen, Raymond: Physical Measures of Growth and Nutrition. New York, American Child Health Association, 1929.

Franzen, Raymond, and Palmer, George: The ACH Index of Nutritional Status. New York, American Child Health Association, 1934.

-295-

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Measurement in Physical Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Chapter 1 Approach to Measurement and Evaluation 1
  • Bibliography 23
  • Chapter 2 Test Selection 25
  • Chapter 3 Analysis of Test Scores 33
  • Bibliography 71
  • Chapter 4 Measuring Strength 72
  • Bibliography 107
  • Chapter 5 Motor Fitness Tests 109
  • Bibliography 156
  • Chapter 6 General Motor Ability 157
  • Bibliography 201
  • Chapter 7 Sports Skill Testing 204
  • Bibliography 228
  • Chapter 8 Cardiovascular Tests 229
  • Bibliography 258
  • Chapter 9 Nutritional Measurements and Somatotype 260
  • Bibliography 295
  • Chapter 10 Evaluation of Body Mechanics 297
  • Introduction 297
  • Bibliography 336
  • Chapter 11 Evaluation of Social Development 338
  • Bibliography 358
  • Chapter 12 Sports Knowledge Tests 360
  • Bibliography 372
  • Chapter 13 Marking in Physical Education 374
  • Bibliography 390
  • Chapter 14 Organization and Administration of the Measurement Program 391
  • Bibliography 404
  • Appendix a Table of Square Roots of Numbers from 1 to 1000 405
  • Appendix B Suggested Laboratory Exercises 416
  • Appendix C the New Britain System 420
  • Appendix D Norms for Aahper Youth Fitness Test 428
  • Appendix E Norms for Kirchner Motor Fitness Test 452
  • Appendix F Norms for Oregon Motor Fitness Test 456
  • Index 463
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