How much has changed since 1988, when the first edition of Essentials of Amateur Sports Law was published? The Knight Commission has been formed, disbanded, and reinstated; Dick Shultz has resigned as Executive Director of the NCAA; and the impact of the passage of the Civil Rights Restoration Act is being felt and has even spawned a new term--gender equity. The first edition of this book does not mention idiopathic cardiomyopathy (Hank Gathers' heart disease); Jerry Tarkanian was still Head Basketball Coach at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; and there is another new term--ambush marketing. The first Proposition 48 (now Propositions 48/42/26) student-athletes have graduated, but it has not stopped the debate over academic requirements for NCAA initial eligibility. Butch Reynolds has a judgment in hand for $27.3 million dollars and a new law is coming into place-- Americans with Disabilities Act.
These are only some of the significant changes in the constantly changing area of sports law. Many of the changes since 1988 have further clouded the line between professional and amateur athletics: a case-decision ruling that a college football player was an employee of the university, the 1992 Men's Olympic basketball team dominated by professional basketball players from the NBA, and a proposal to pay Olympic athletes for performance in the 1994 Olympics.
As you can see from this brief overview, there have been significant changes and important litigation that continue to shape athletics. Some will be discussed in a global manner in Chapter 1 and then discussed in more detail throughout the book. In all, there are approximately 165 new cases in this edition. The title of the book, however, remains the same. The reason for this is analogous to baseball's antitrust exemption, it is done for precedent reasons and not because it is the most appropriate title in 1994. The number of chapters and major topical areas covered in the book have not changed, but they have been updated.
For me, a major reason for putting together a second edition was the positive, strong, and encouraging responses I received from the audience. I would like to thank them. Many of these people have