Japan's Computer and Communications Industry: The Evolution of Industrial Giants and Global Competitiveness

By Martin Fransman | Go to book overview

1 Introduction

Overview

The products and technologies of the information and communications (IC) industry have transformed our world. They include the computer and associated software; telecommunications switches, which connect and network telephones, computers, faxes, and video conferencing systems; transmissions systems, including optical fibre which can carry broadband multimedia information; and the devices needed in these kinds of products, such as microprocessors (computers on a chip) and memories.

Most of these products and technologies were initially invented and innovated in Western countries. However, by the 1990s some of the largest companies in the world in the three main segments that constitute the IC industry-- computers, telecommunications equipment, and semiconductor devices--were Japanese. In computers, four of the ten largest companies in the world were Japanese: Fujitsu, NEC, Hitachi, and Toshiba; in telecommunications equipment, two were Japanese: NEC and Fujitsu; in semiconductors, six out of the top ten were Japanese: NEC, Toshiba, Hitachi, Fujitsu, Mitsubishi Electric, and Matsushita. NTT, the major Japanese telecommunications carrier, was by far the largest company in the world in terms of market value. In 1994 NTT's market value was $129 billion, followed by the Royal Dutch/Shell Group with $92 billion. NTT's total sales were about the same as AT&T's.

This book deals with five sets of questions relating to the Japanese IC industry. First, the explanation of the success of the Japanese IC companies: why and how were they able to catch up with their Western rivals (and in some cases overtake them)? Second, the anomaly of the Japanese IC companies: why is it that, although they are among the largest in the world, they remain primarily dependent on the Japanese market and have not succeeded in dominating many IC markets outside Japan? Third, the distinctiveness of the Japanese IC companies: why are they universalist system producers with competences in computers, semiconductors, and telecommunications equipment, while their US counterparts are far more specialized and lack capabilities in telecommunications equipment? Why have Japanese IC companies not performed as well globally as their Japanese counterparts in motor vehicles and consumer electronics?

The fourth set of questions relates to the role of the Japanese government: how important has the Japanese government been--particularly the Ministry of Communications before the war and NTT afterwards and the Ministry of

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Japan's Computer and Communications Industry: The Evolution of Industrial Giants and Global Competitiveness
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 546

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.