Germany is a major country of destination for migrants. As a result, the German government is very concerned with regulating the inflow of refugees, asylum seekers, and other potential migrants, particularly from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Attempts to limit migration from Yugoslavia and its successor states failed, however. What were the reasons that Germany missed its target in this case? Were there realistic alternatives to the path Germany followed? In examining these questions, it becomes evident that Germany's policy toward the former Yugoslavia can only be understood if it is perceived as an integral part of the overall international state system's failure to manage the Yugoslav crisis and war, which in turn resulted in mass displacement and migration. 1 The questions posed herein can also only be discussed if three different dimensions are taken into account: first, the new international setting for German foreign policy after the end of the cold war; second, the implications of the end of the cold war for former Yugoslavia; and, third, the debate on migration in general in Germany.
At least three radical changes in the international environment have affected German foreign policy since 1989/90 ( Schwarz 1992). The system of states has become extremely