Migrants, Refugees, and Foreign Policy: U.S. and German Policies toward Countries of Origin

By Rainer Münz | Go to book overview
19.
Emigration to Israel is a specific case, because not only ethnic Jews migrate to Israel but also subjects of other nations whose ancestry is part Jewish. Of the more the 150,000 emigrants who migrated to Israel between 1987 and 1992, only an estimated 70,000 were ethnic Jews. However, this estimate is distorted, as many Jews in the Soviet Union were registered as belonging to other nationalities, to avoid subjection to anti-Semitic rules. Even so, Israel assumes that many of the emigrants are non-Jewish and have only migrated to Israel for monetary reasons. If one accepts the number of 70,000 Jewish emigrants between 1989 and 1992, emigration still amounts to 13 percent of ethnic Russian Jews ( Voynova and Ushkalov 1994, 45).
20.
On the development of the Crimean Tatar nationalism movement up to 1988, see Halbach 1988.
21.
Spectacular arrests make it possible to speculate as to the extent of the human trade. In Israel, for instance, fifteen pimps were arrested who had already transported 800 (!) women from St. Petersburg and Kiev to Israel ( Heesch et al., 1995, 111). In Germany, one-fourth of the estimated 200,000 prostitutes come from Eastern Europe, and a significant number of these came from Russia (112).

References
Aasland, A. 1994. "The Russian Population in Latvia: An Integrated Minority?" Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics: 233-60.
Abrikosov, A., and V. Leskov. 1993. Academian Abrikosov finds Pluses in "Brain Drain' to the West. In data service SVNW 93-NW- 00023717 930506.
"Der Abwasser-GAU nach jahrzehntelanger Schlamperei." 1995. Der Tagesspiegel, 15 July, 24.
"Afghanistan: Schwere Fehler." 1988. Der Spiegel 1: 85-87.
Akpambaeva, S. 1994. "Nationalniy sostav Kasakhstana." Central Asia and Kasakhstan, 4 Aug., 16-17.
Allachverdyan, A. 1991. 'The President's Decree Hasn't Stopped the Brain Drain from the USSR Academy of Sciences. In data service SVNW 91-BE-00000851 911128.
"Eine Art Freibrief: Die Inguschen haben Moskaus Zorn erregt. Werden sie das n"chste Opfer der russischen Aggression?" 1995. Der Spiegel 7: 146.
Aubakirov, B. 1995. "Craving for Renewal." The Current Digest of the Post Soviet Press, 29 Mar., 23.

-111-

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Migrants, Refugees, and Foreign Policy: U.S. and German Policies toward Countries of Origin
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • Chapter 1 the Impact of German Policy on Refugee Flows from Former Yugoslavia 1
  • Notes 27
  • References 30
  • Chapter 2 the Impact of U.S. Policy on Migration from Mexico and the Caribbean 35
  • Notes 71
  • References 72
  • Chapter 3 Migration in the Russian Federation Since the Mid-1980s Refugees, Immigrants, and Emigrants 77
  • Summary and Conclusions 108
  • Notes 109
  • References 111
  • Chapter 4 German Policies Toward Ethnic German Minorities 117
  • References 140
  • Chapter 5 German Policies Toward Russia and Other Successor States 141
  • Conclusion 159
  • Notes 162
  • References 163
  • Chapter 6 the New Labor Migration as an Instrument of German Foreign Policy 165
  • References 178
  • Chapter 7 Bad Neighbors, Bad Neighborhoods an Inquiry into the Causes of Refugee Flows, 1969-1992 183
  • Conclusion 224
  • Notes 225
  • References 227
  • Chapter 8 Economic Instruments to Affect Countries of Origin 231
  • Conclusions 261
  • Notes 265
  • References 269
  • Chapter 9 Can Military Intervention Limit Refugee Flows? 273
  • Conclusion 309
  • Notes 313
  • References 319
  • Chapter 10 Conclusion - Policies to Reduce Refugee Flows and Pressures for Emigration 323
  • Conclusion 353
  • Notes 355
  • Notes on Contributors 357
  • Index 363
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