Bad Neighbors, Bad Neighborhoods An Inquiry into the Causes of Refugee Flows, 1969-1992 1
L iberal democratic governments have long sought to balance their humanitarian concern for the plight of refugees against the concern that a massive refugee influx may be a threat to the integrity, well-being, financial capacity, and political and social stability of their own countries. To date, none of the options aimed at achieving a balance has been satisfactory. Admitting all who seek protection may place an unacceptable burden on the country, whereas rigid controls over entry and interdiction at borders may deny protection to those in genuine need. An alternative strategy might be to attempt to influence the countries from which refugees originate in order to ameliorate the internal conditions that cause people to flee. If governments and international institutions could successfully prevent or resolve conflicts that create massive refugee flows, then the humanitarian principles that underlie the international regime for the protection of refugees--a regime that works best when the number in need of protection is small--could be more easily sustained.
What measures could states employ to influence effectively the conditions in other countries that generate refugee flows?____________________