in Dam-Related Resettlement
Programmes in Africa
'The tree that's been transplanted will never make as pleasant a shade as the tree that grows where it has always stood.'
D uring recent decades, increasing investments in development infrastructure and growing population densities have been the main factors underlying the relocation of populations on a large scale.1 Since the 1960s, the construction of large hydro-electric dams and the formation of artificial lakes in Africa have been the most frequent causes of the forced displacement of communities. The data presented in this chapter are drawn from a few major dam-related resettlement operations that took place in Africa during the 1960s and 1970s ( Volta, Kossou, Kainji, Kariba, Aswan)2 as well as a few____________________