M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio

By R. G. Austin | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION
LIFE OF CAELIUS

M. CAELIUS RUFUS was born, according to Pliny ( N.H. vii. 165), on 28 May 82 B.C.; the date has been disputed, but the evidence from this speech suggests that Pliny has been wrongly discredited (see Appendix I). His birthplace cannot be definitely ascertained, since our only information comes from a corrupt passage in § 5 of the pro Caelio; it is, however, most probable that he was born at Interamnia in the territory of Picenum, the modern Teramo (see Appendix II).

We learn from Cicero that Caelius' father was a Roman knight who had possessions in Africa. His economical mode of life was apparently turned against the son in this trial; but the truth seems to be that the latter did not receive an allowance adequate to his ideas,1 and was accustomed to behave in a manner unsuited to his position. After the young Caelius had assumed the toga virilis his father took him to Rome and put him in the charge of Cicero and Crassus. His aptness as a pupil may be illustrated by Cicero's remark in later years ( ad Fam. ii. 8. 1) πολιτιαώτερον enim te adhuc neminem cognovi, and by his ultimate attainments as an orator. This tirocinium fori lasted from 66 to 63, when Caelius broke away from his tutelage and became entangled with Catiline.2 There is nothing to prove that he actually joined the conspiracy, although, as Cicero finds it necessary to give an elaborate vindication of this period of his life, his reputation must have suffered severely. At the end of 62 or early in 61 he travelled to Africa in the cohors of Q. Pompeius Rufus the proconsul, no doubt influenced in his choice by the presence there of his father's

____________________
1
Cf. Vell. Pat. ii. 68 'peior illi res familiaris quam mens erat', and see § 3 note.
2
Cf. Boissier, Cicéron et ses amis, p. 170 'le passage était brusque, mais Caelius ne s'est jamais donné la peine de ménager les transitions'.

-v-

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M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents iv
  • Introduction Life of Caelius v
  • The Manuscripts xvii
  • Selection of Readings from Ox. Pap. X. 1251 (Π) xxii
  • Collation of the Oxford and the Teubner Text xxiv
  • Bibliography xxviii
  • Sigla xxxii
  • M. Tvlli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio 1
  • Note 40
  • Commentary 41
  • Appendix I Date of Caelius' Birth 144
  • Appendix II Place of Caelius' Birth 146
  • Appendix III Caelius and Catullus 148
  • Appendix IV Date of Delivery of the Pro Caelio 151
  • Appendix V the Charges 152
  • Appendix VI the Prosecutors 154
  • Appendix VI the Prosecutors 157
  • Appendix VII the Case Against Antonius in 59 B.C. 158
  • Appendix VIII Note on the Composition of the Speech 159
  • Additional Notes 162
  • Index Nominvm 176
  • Index Verborvm 176
  • Index Rervm 179
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