M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio

By R. G. Austin | Go to book overview

would at least have been possible in pre-Sullan times ( Mommsen, Staatsrecht i, p. 551, note 4; p. 553, notes 4 and 5), and Caelius may have revived a former practice in defiance of existing custom, entering the Senate either through the curule aedileship or even as tribune (ibid. iii, p. 863).

The second of these possibilities would seem to me preferable if any analogous example from this period were known; for if Caelius had ever been quaestor, there is every reason to suppose that there would be some mention of his activities in that capacity. In any case I am convinced that Pliny is right in placing his birth in the year 82.


APPENDIX II
PLACE OF CAELIUS' BIRTH

THE evidence is in § 5 of this speech: 'quod est obiectum municipibus esse adulescentem non probatum suis, nemini unquam praesenti Praetuttiani maiores honores habuerunt quam absenti M. Caelio'. Here P reads praetoriani (-tori- added by a later hand, over an erasure). Σ has Praestutiani, which Lambinus knew but rejected; Gruter too knew it, or something like it (from the Cod. S. Victoris), and conjectured Praetutiani, which must certainly be the true reading (cf. Barwes, Quaest. Tull., p. 23); but he did not admit his conjecture to his text, nor has any subsequent editor adopted it. Clark first adduced the reading Praestutiani from Σ, but obelized it, merely recording the emendation. It is now time that Gruter should receive his full due, 340 years after his edition of Cicero was published; in this I have support from Rothstein, Philologus lxxviii ( 1923), p. 18 (his view had Dessau's agreement), and through the kindness of M. Jean Cousin I learn that he too will admit Gruter's conjecture to his prospective Budé edition.

An ager Praetuttianus in Picenum is mentioned by Livy (xxii. 9. 5, xxvii. 43. 10), and by Pliny ( N.H. iii. 110, 112); cf. Polybius iii. 88. 3, with Walbank's note, and see Hofmann in RE xxii. 2, s.v. Praetuttiana regio. Its chief town was Interamnia, the modern Teramo;1 inscriptions show, as Mommsen noted ( CIL ix. 5074-5), that this was both a municipium and a colonia, with a local senate and quinquennales (ibid. 5067, 5076, 5078). Thus, if Caelius was born at Interamnia, Cicero's mention of municipes and amplissimus ordo is explained.

____________________
1
Cf. Thomas, Revue critique d'histoire et de littérature, 1906, p. 283; but Interamnia is there confused with the better-known Interamna, on the Nar (the modern Terni).

-146-

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M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents iv
  • Introduction Life of Caelius v
  • The Manuscripts xvii
  • Selection of Readings from Ox. Pap. X. 1251 (Π) xxii
  • Collation of the Oxford and the Teubner Text xxiv
  • Bibliography xxviii
  • Sigla xxxii
  • M. Tvlli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio 1
  • Note 40
  • Commentary 41
  • Appendix I Date of Caelius' Birth 144
  • Appendix II Place of Caelius' Birth 146
  • Appendix III Caelius and Catullus 148
  • Appendix IV Date of Delivery of the Pro Caelio 151
  • Appendix V the Charges 152
  • Appendix VI the Prosecutors 154
  • Appendix VI the Prosecutors 157
  • Appendix VII the Case Against Antonius in 59 B.C. 158
  • Appendix VIII Note on the Composition of the Speech 159
  • Additional Notes 162
  • Index Nominvm 176
  • Index Verborvm 176
  • Index Rervm 179
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