W. N. DOAK
United States Secretary of Labor
THE CAUSAL relation between our transportation agencies and the economic progress of our country is direct. It is, therefore, requisite that a deeper understanding of our railroad problems be reached. The labor problems involved are also intimately related to the economic tangles and cycles which have to be met. Although temporary expedients do assist, such as the recent rate increase granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission, through pooling arrangements, it is necessary to go further, to determine methods of righting, fundamentally, the wrongs or difficulties involved in order to assure prosperous and healthy, as well as adequate and reliable, rail transportation.
Because of their magnitude and scope, and their effect upon every individual of our country, our railway problems, and related questions, rank foremost among the major problems of our national government. Over three billion dollars is expended annually for wages and taxes, and more than a billion more is paid for interest on indebtedness and in the shape of dividends. The fact that the largest part of the money collected in operating revenues by rail carriers is immediately paid back either to employees in wages, to governments in