COMPETITION, it would appear from the statements made in this book, has forced railway companies apart, instead of bringing them together. The wastefulness of competition has worked toward the common good of railroad transportation.
The American Railway Association, composed of 194 full members and 343 associate members, and operating over 249,000 miles of road, has accomplished a great deal toward developing in the minds of railroad managers the idea of the common good. It also has helped present to the general public the common problems of the railroads and the public. The organization is supported by an annual fee based on the number of miles of road operated, and the number of freight cars.
The greatest single unified effort of the railroads is that carried on by the car service division, one of the many divisions of the association. The annual financial requirements of that division amount to approximately three quarters of a million dollars. Its services have helped save industry an estimated billion dollars a year.
The car service division has done a great deal more than perfect a freight car police system. Its thirteen