Labor Politics in a Democratic Republic
THE YEAR 1928 had come and gone, and with it departed another of the Presidential Elections required every four years by the Constitution of the United States. At every level of government during the year, vast arrays of elective officials in office had been forced to offer themselves up to the judgment of the electorate at the ballot box, for there were other citizens who challenged their right to continue to govern; these also appealed to the electorate to help them achieve their objective. In most instances both the incumbent candidates and those who contested their future right to the administration of government office were nominees of political parties. Those parties were normally the Republican Party, born on the eve of the nation's Civil War, and the Democratic Party, descended from Jefferson and Jackson. Also contesting at the presidential level were a Socialist Party in existence since the turn of the century, and a Communist Party in its second campaign -- both organized bodies with aspirations for power. All four would live on after the ballots were counted.
They consisted of small amounts of physical assets, rented buildings and typewriters, bank accounts and debts, and temporary files of correspondence in a number of parts of the nation. Additionally,