|event to offer help and to repeat this offer in subsequent contacts.
These supporting interventions should continue for at least a year
after the suicide.|
Assistance should include both individual help and counselling for the surviving family members as a group. Primary health care agencies should organise grief work groups for survivors of those who have committed suicide to facilitate their working through their bereavement and grief.
Additionally, information (e.g. brochures) should be immediately made available to survivors describing in simple terms the process of coming to terms with complex feelings of grief, loss and guilt, social consequences and ways of dealing with them, as well as ways of seeking help from others. An assessement of community organisation provisions for dealing with suicidal people should be made. Where services are immediate it is recommended that the federal or state governments request these organisations to make such provisions.
Suicide is an international problem, touching virtually every country in the world. Suicide and attempted suicide can be prevented, but the development and evaluation of effective large- scale prevention programmes is still in its infancy. The organisational structures required for well-co-ordinated programmes of research and practice in the area of suicide prevention are yet to be built. Training of health care professionals and other relevant groups in the assessment and management of suicide risk is still lacking. These inadequacies in current programmes across the world have promoted the establishment of national Task Forces on Suicide Prevention in the United States of America, Canada, and the Netherlands, as well as a WHO strategy on suicide prevention. These groups have formulated comprehensive strategies for the prevention of suicide. The main components of these strategies are: (a) the design and implementation of national research programmes; (b) the improvement of services; (c) the provision of information and training on suicide prevention to relevant professional groups, organisations, and the general public; and (d) the formulation of strategies and techniques to deal with special risk groups.