Current Research on Suicide and Parasuicide: Selected Proceedings of the Second European Symposium on Suicidal Behaviour, Edinburgh, June 1988

By Stephen David Platt; Norman Kreitman | Go to book overview
a great number of inhabitants, a high percentage of elderly persons as well as divorced persons.
The highest risk of attempted suicide is found in a district with a high percentage of divorced persons, high birth rate, high percentage of foreigners, low percentage of Protestants, high residential density, and high mobility.
Characteristic for externally aggressive persons is a district with the following features: small number of inhabitants, high percentage of 15-25-year-old women, high percentage of divorced or single persons, high percentage of foreigners, high mobility, little living area, a large proportion of industrial area, many public houses or bars, many flats without bathroom which were built before 1948, and many cars with large engines.

This paper is limited to a description of the residential environment where the highest rates of suicide, attempted suicide, and externally aggressive behaviour are to be expected. The questions of which people show suicidal or aggressive behaviour, and whether there is a relationship with environmental factors will be answered in further analysis.


References

Bagley, C., Solomon, J. and Palmer, C. ( 1973). "'Social Structure and the Ecological Distribution of Mental Illness, Suicide and Delinquency'", Psychological Medicine, 3, 177-87.

Ferreira de E. Castro, Albino, L. and Martins, I. ( 1986). "'Suicide and Homicide in Portugal'", Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, 74, 425-32.

Gruhle, H. ( 1940). "'Geographie des Selbstmords'", Der Nervenarzt, 8, 337- 41.

Holinger, P. C., Offer, D. and Ostrov, E. ( 1987). "'Suicide and Homicide in the United States: An Epidemiologic Study of Violent Death, Population Changes and the Potential for Prediction'", American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 215-19.

Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. ( 1978). "'Personality of Violent Offenders and Suicidal Individuals'", Psychiatria Fennica, 57-63.

Modestin, J. ( 1986). "'Über die Beziehung zwischen Kriminalität und Suizidalität'", Fortschritte der Neurologie, Psychiatrie, 54, 289-96.

Moesler, T. A., Welz, R. Weidenhammer, W. and Demling, J. ( 1988). "'Suizidhandlungen des höheren Lebensalters im Nürnberger Stadtgebiet von 1976 bis 1985'", in K. Böhme and E. Lungershausen (eds.), Suizid und Depression im Alter, Regensburg: Roderer.

Moschel, G. Häberle, H. and Welz, R. ( 1981). "'Zur innerstädtischen Verteilung sozialer Devianz in Mannheim'", in H. Walther (ed.), Region und Sozialisation, vol. 1, Stuttgart: Frommann und Holzboog.

Porterfield, A. L. ( 1952). "'Suicide and Crime in the Social Structure of an Urban Setting: Fort Worth, 1930-1950'", American Sociological Review, 17, 341-9.

Schmidtke, A. and Häfner, H. ( 1985). "'Suicide und Suicidversuche': Epidemiologie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland'", Münchener MedizinischeWochenschrift

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