Current Research on Suicide and Parasuicide: Selected Proceedings of the Second European Symposium on Suicidal Behaviour, Edinburgh, June 1988

By Stephen David Platt; Norman Kreitman | Go to book overview

twelve months after the attempts. In some patients, especially those with dyadic problems, there is reason to expect that treatment effects may not become apparent until the later assessments.


Conclusions

The results of controlled studies of treatment of attempted suicide patients have so far been somewhat disappointing. No experimental treatment based on psychosocial intervention has been shown to affect the rate of repetition of attempts. However, there is some evidence of benefit in terms of social adjustment, although this effect appears to be confined to women and, possibly, to patients with dyadic problems. Further work is needed to identify methods of helping male attempters.

Treatment research with this population of patients is bedevilled by several problems and difficulties. Future studies of treatment for these patients is clearly required. However, if such studies are to be productive, it is imperative that the lessons which can be learnt from previous investigations are taken into account when planning further research in this area.


References

Bancroft, J. and Marsack, P. ( 1977). "'The Repetitiveness of Self-Poisoning and Self-Injury'", British Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 394-9.

Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Monk, J. and Erbaugh, J. ( 1961). "'An Inventory for Measuring Depression'", Archives of General Psychia- try, 4, 53-63.

Beck, A. T., Kovacs, M. and Weissman, A. ( 1979). "'Assessment of Suicidal Intention: The Scale for Suicidal Ideation'", Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 343-52.

Brewer, C. and Farmer, R. ( 1985). "'Self-Poisoning in 1984: A Prediction that didn't Come True'", British Medical Journal, 290, 391.

Buglass, D. and McCulloch, J. W. ( 1970). "'Further Suicidal Behaviour: The Development and Validation of Predictive Scales'", British Journal of Psychiatry, 116, 483-91.

Chowdhury, N., Hicks, R. C. and Kreitman, N. ( 1973). "'Evaluation of an Aftercare Service for Parasuicide (Attempted Suicide) Patients'", Social Psychiatry, 8, 67-81.

Cooper, P., Osborn, M., Gath, D. and Feggetter, G. ( 1982). "'Evaluation of a Modified Self-Report Measure of Social Adjustment'", British Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 68-78.

DHSS ( 1984). "The Management of Deliberate Self-Harm". HN ( 84), 25, London: Department of Health and Social Security.

Gibbons, J. L. ( 1979). The Southampton Parasuicide Proj ect, Report to the DHSS, Department of Psychiatry, Royal South Hants Hospital, Southampton.

Gibbons, J. S., Butler, P., Urwin, P. and Gibbons, J. L. ( 1978). "'Evaluationof a Social Work Service for Self-Poisoning Patients'"

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