Current Research on Suicide and Parasuicide: Selected Proceedings of the Second European Symposium on Suicidal Behaviour, Edinburgh, June 1988

By Stephen David Platt; Norman Kreitman | Go to book overview

the short-term reaction to a loss is a reliable predictor for adjustment in the future ( Parkes and Weiss, 1983; Zisook and Devaul, 1983; Johnsonet al. 1986).

In the foregoing discussion, the severity of suicide as a risk factor in bereavement has been put in perspective, by means of a comparison with loss after traffic fatalities. This in no way is meant to minimise the severity of bereavement after suicide. Rather, it stresses the fact that bereavement as such is a risk factor in the development of social, psychological, and physical problems ( Stroebe and Stroebe, 1987). However, these risks must not be exaggerated in the case of suicidal loss so that all survivors of suicide have to expect devastating consequences. This can lead survivors to worry unnecessarily, and care-givers can react with over-anxiousness. In both cases, the much-feared 'suicide survivor syndrome' can become a self-fulfilling prophecy.


References

Ball, J. F. ( 1977). "'Widows' Grief: The Impact of Age and Mode of Death'", Omega, 7, 307-33.

Beck, A. T. and Beck, R. W. ( 1972). "'Screening Depressed Patients in Family Practice'", Postgraduate Medicine, December, 81-5.

Bout, J. van den ( 1986). Verliesgebeurtenissen in àttributie theoretisch perspectief, Delft: Eburon (with abstract in English).

Dunne, E. J., McIntosh, J. L. and Dunne-Maxim, K. (eds.) ( 1987). Suicide and its Aftermath: Understanding and Counseling the Survivors, New York and London: Norton.

Johnson, R. J., Lund, D. A. and Dimond, M. F. ( 1986). "'Stress, Self-Esteem and Coping During Bereavement among the Elderly'", Social Psychology Quarterly, 49, 273-9.

Lehman, D. R., Wortman, C. B. and Williams, A. F. ( 1987). "'Long-term Effects of Losing a Spouse or Child in a Motor Vehicle Crash'", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 218-31.

McIntosh, J. L. ( 1987), "'Research, Therapy and Educational Needs'", in E. J. Dunne, J. L. McIntosh and K. Dunne-Maxim (eds.), Suicide and its Aftermath: Understanding and Counseling the Survivors, New York and London: Norton.

Menninger, K. ( 1959). "'Psychoanalytic Aspects of Suicide'". in A Psychiatrists World: Selected Papers of Karl Menninger, New York: Viking.

Owen, G., Fulton, R. and Markusen, E. ( 1982-3). "'Death at a Distance: A Study of Family Survivors'", Omega, 13, 191-225.

Parkes, C. M. and Weiss, R. S. ( 1983). Recovery from Bereavement, New York: Basic Books.

Praeger, S. G. and Bernhardt, G. R. ( 1985). "'Survivors of Suicide: A Community in Need'", Family and Community Health, The Journal of Health Promotion and Maintainance, 8, 62-72.

Rudestam, K. E. and Agnelli, P. ( 1987). "'The Effect of the Content of Suicide Notes on Grief Reactions'", Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 211-18.

Sanders, C. M. ( 1979-80). 'A Comparison of Adult Bereavement in theDeath of a Spouse, Child and Parents'

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