nondenominational. Symbolism, chaplains, religiously tinged patriotic observances will surely continue to be sanctioned; pervasively intrusive activities with heavy religious overtones will not. The large majority of America's citizenry will go along. The battle will be joined, however, at the all but certain attempts to broaden and indeed to generalize financial assistance to nonpublic primary and secondary schools, that is, parochial schools, going well beyond the already extant, often indirect, financial aid. Whether in the form of vouchers, tax relief, aid to students, or aid to their parents, it will engender a firestorm of controversy. On that issue many who, like me, consider themselves quasi-centrist or "reasonable" on the church-state imbroglio will draw the line: whatever the future may hold, as a supporter of the spirit of the basic Jeffersonian-Madisonian imperative of separation, I prefer to take my stand with Justice Wiley B. Rutledge's ardent dissenting opinion in the 1947 New Jersey bus case, in which he warned: "Like St. Paul's freedom, religious liberty with a great price must be bought. And for those who exercise it most fully, by insisting upon religious education for their children mixed with secular, by the terms of our Constitution the price is greater than for others." 92 It is, I submit, a price tag well worth paying for the hallowed imperative of liberty.