Communist China's Economy, 1949-1962: Structural Changes and Crisis

By Cheng Chu-Yuan | Go to book overview
present Soviet kolkhoz, will be maintained for a considerable period of time. But the title of "commune" will be retained for political and propaganda reasons. However, if the agricultural situation continues to deteriorate, a further retreat should be anticipated. The elementary co-operative, similar to the form it assumed during the experiments of 1953-55, may again become the main model for Chinese agricultural institutions.The failure of communalization, first experienced in the Soviet Union and now in Communist China, provides a valuable lesson to all other less developed countries -- collectivization definitely leads to the deterioration of agricultural production. It also reaffirms Lenin's assertion that "the peasant class constitutes the last bourgeois class," The Chinese Communists, who seized their power through the utilization of the peasant class, are now confronting the growing resistance and antagonism of that class.
REFERENCES
1. A. K. Chiu, Agriculture, China, ed. by H. F. MacNair ( Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1946),p.468.
2. J. K. Buck, op. cit., pp. 267-69.

A more recent communist investigation, Tung Ta-lin's Agricultural Co-operation in China ( Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1959, p. 12), based on average per capita farm acreage in a number of countries, gives the following figures:

Countries Year Average acreage of farmland
per capita (in hectares)
China 1953 0.19
Soviet Union 1954 1.03
Poland 1953 0.57
United States 1953 1.20
France 1952 0.50
Japan 1951 0.06
India 1949-50 0.30
3. Mao Tse-tung, Selected Works, op. cit., Vol. 111. p. 629.
4. Liu Shao-chi, "The Victory of Marxism-Leninism in China," op. cit.
5. Liu Shao-ch'i, Political Report, op cit.
6. Cited in, Lin I-chou, "The Peasant Problem in Democratic Revolution," Hung-ch'i, No. 5 March, 1961 p. 27.
7. Mao Tse-tung, Speech at the Conference of Cadres for Shansi and Suiyuan, Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 1,312.
8. Wu Yuan-li, op. cit., p. 126.
9. Ibid., p. 131.

-56-

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Communist China's Economy, 1949-1962: Structural Changes and Crisis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Foreword iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • Other Books by the Same Author xi
  • Abbreviations xii
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • References 3
  • Chapter 2 Major Features of China's Pre-Communist Economic Structure 4
  • References 9
  • Chapter 3 Chinese Communist Theories and Policies for Economic Structural Transformation 11
  • References 19
  • Chapter 4 Agricultural Collectivizsation 22
  • References 56
  • Chapter 5 Transformation of the Private Sector into the State-Operated Sector 60
  • References 82
  • Chapter 6 Establishment of the Central Planning Machinery and State Monopoly 84
  • References 104
  • Chapter 7 Basic Changes in the Component of the National Product 106
  • Chapter 8 Famine and Crisis 128
  • References 153
  • Chapter 9 Significance and Prospects 157
  • References 172
  • Chapter 10 Conclusion 175
  • Appendix a Note on Communist China's Statistical Data 181
  • References 189
  • Appendix II Conversion Tables 191
  • Selected Bibliography 194
  • Index 208
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