Communist China's Economy, 1949-1962: Structural Changes and Crisis

By Cheng Chu-Yuan | Go to book overview
only maintain its present status, supplementing the state sector, while still maintaining collective ownership.
REFERENCES
1. Mao Tse-tung, On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, op. cit.

The terms "bourgeoisie" and "petty bourgeoisie" widely used in communist literature are not precisely defined. Generally, "bourgeoisie" refers to the upper middle class, while "petty bourgeoisie" means the lower middle class. The borderline between upper and lower middle class is obscure. Because of the difficulty of finding an exact English equivalent, the author has retained these terms in the original context.

2. Mao Tse-tung, The Present Situations and Our Tasks, Selected Works, op. cit., Vol. IV, p. 1,253.
3. Hsueh Mu-chiao, op. cit., pp. 27-28.
4. Ibid., p. 29.
5. Financial Times ( London), May 31, 1950.
6. T. J. Hughes and D. E. T. Luard, The Economic Development of Communist China, 1949-1958, ( London: Oxford University Press, 1959), p. 88.
7. V. I. Lenin, Selected Works, op. cit., Vol. VI, p. 266.
8. Cheng Chu-yuan, Monetary Affairs of Communist China ( Hong Kong: Union Research Institute, 1954), p. 42.
9. Ibid., pp. 46-48.
10. Hsueh Mu-chiao, op. cit., p. 230.
11. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China ( Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1954), p. 76.
12. Mao Tse-tung, On Coalition Government, Selected Works, op. cit., Vol. IV, p. 273.
13. Ten Great Years, op. cit., pp. 38-40.
14. Hsueh Mu-chiao, op. cit., p. 47.
15. Mao Tse-tung, Fight for a Fundamental Turn for the Better in the Financial and Economic Situation in China, New China's Achievements, op. cit., pp. 1-11.
16. New China News Agency (NCNA), Peking, September 18, 1952.
17. Liu Shao chi, Political Report, op. cit., p. 23.
18. Po I-po, The Three Years of Achievements of the People's Republic of China, New China's Achievements, op. cit., pp. 152-53.
19. Po I-po, "A Report on the 1953 Budget of China," People's China, Supplement, Peking, June 19, 1953.
20. Ta Kung Pao, Tientsin, June 19, 1953.
21. Hsueh Mu-chiao, op. cit., pp. 70-71.
22. V. I. Lenin, Selected Worksop. cit., Vol. II, Part 2, p. 644.

-82-

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Communist China's Economy, 1949-1962: Structural Changes and Crisis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Foreword iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • Other Books by the Same Author xi
  • Abbreviations xii
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • References 3
  • Chapter 2 Major Features of China's Pre-Communist Economic Structure 4
  • References 9
  • Chapter 3 Chinese Communist Theories and Policies for Economic Structural Transformation 11
  • References 19
  • Chapter 4 Agricultural Collectivizsation 22
  • References 56
  • Chapter 5 Transformation of the Private Sector into the State-Operated Sector 60
  • References 82
  • Chapter 6 Establishment of the Central Planning Machinery and State Monopoly 84
  • References 104
  • Chapter 7 Basic Changes in the Component of the National Product 106
  • Chapter 8 Famine and Crisis 128
  • References 153
  • Chapter 9 Significance and Prospects 157
  • References 172
  • Chapter 10 Conclusion 175
  • Appendix a Note on Communist China's Statistical Data 181
  • References 189
  • Appendix II Conversion Tables 191
  • Selected Bibliography 194
  • Index 208
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