For the historiography of American diplomacy, Gerald K. Haines and J. Samuel Walker , eds., American Foreign Relations: A Historiographical Review ( Westport, Conn.: 1981) and Jerald A. Combs, American Diplomatic History: Two Centuries of Changing Interpretations ( Berkeley, Calif.: 1983).
Among the best of the realist interpretations of American history are the volumes by Norman A. Graebner, Foundations of American Foreign Policy: A Realist Appraisal from Franklin to McKinley ( Wilmington, Del.: 1985), America as a World Power: A Realist Appraisal from Wilson to Reagan ( Wilmington, Del.: 1984), and Ideas and Diplomacy: Readings in the Intellectual Tradition of American Foreign Policy ( New York: 1964). Another is Robert E. Osgood's Ideals and Self-Interest in America's Foreign Relations ( Chicago: 1953).
For an important revisionist interpretation, see William Appleman Williams, The Shaping of American Diplomacy ( Chicago: 1956) and The Tragedy of American Foreign Policy ( Cleveland: 1959).
Bibliographical material dealing with American isolationism can be found in Justus D. Doenecke, The Literature of Isolationism: A Guide to Non- Interventionist Scholarship, 1930-1972 (Colorado Springs, Colo.: 1972) and his "The Literature of Isolationism, 1972-1983: A Bibliographical Guide," The Journal of Libertarian Studies 7 (Spring 1983), 157-84.
For general histories of Anglo-American diplomacy, see H. C. Allen, Great Britain and the United States: A History of Anglo-American Relations, 1783- 1952 ( New York: 1953); Charles S. Campbell Jr., From Revolution to Rapprochement: The United States and Great Britain, 1783-1900 ( New York: 1974); and Donald Cameron Watt, Succeeding John Bull: America in Britain's Place, 1900-1975 ( Cambridge, Eng.: 1984).
German-American relations are examined in Manfred Jones, The United States and Germany: A Diplomatic History ( Ithaca, N.Y.: 1984).