Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders - Vol. 2

By A. Thomas Lane | Go to book overview

M

MACARIO, Luigi ( 1920- ). Born in Andezeno, near Turin, Italy, 6 September, 1920; married Giulia Di Falco; two children; trade unionist from 1945; confederal secretary of Italian Federation of Metal Workers (FIM), a branch of the Italian Confederation of Trade Unions (CISL), 1950s; secretary general, November 1962-70; under his leadership FIM reinterpreted and implemented the original strategy of CISL, as set by Pastore (q.v.) and Romani (q.v.); throughout this process FIM took an increasingly anticapitalist line, thus transforming the original strategy of class collaboration into an aggressive bargaining tool which became a model for FIOM, the metalworkers' branch of the Italian General Confederation of Labor (CGIL), linked to the Communist and Socialist Parties; FIM became the leading branch of Catholic trade unionism, often clashing with the conservative leadership of CISL and closely collaborating with FIOM; this laid the basis for union solidarity in a climate of high social conflict within and outside factories in the late 1960s; with Carniti (q.v.) urged the general congress of CISL to forbid trade unionists to hold party offices, and to renew the general structure of CISL, whose leadership FIM accused of being bureaucratized and entrenched in privileges that hampered its ability to lead the labor movement, 1968-69; Secretary-General of CISL, 1977-79; vice-president of the European Trade Union Confederation (CES/ETUC) and the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (CISL/ICFTU); member of the Economic and Social Committee of the EC; senator, 1979; member of the European Parliament; vice-president of the Committee for Economic and Monetary Affairs. See also S. Fontana, "Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori", in Dizionario Storico del Movitmento Cattolico in Italia, ½ ( 1981); G. P. Cella et al., Un sindacato italiano negli anni sessanta. La FIM-CISL dall' associazione alia classe ( 1972); S. Turone, Storia del sindacato in Italia dal 1943 ad oggi ( 1984);

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Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Editorial Board ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction ix
  • M 594
  • N 687
  • O 706
  • P 720
  • Q 783
  • R 786
  • S 830
  • T 943
  • U 986
  • V 992
  • W 1019
  • Y 1048
  • Z 1050
  • Appendix: Labor Leaders by State Or National/Ethnic Group 1067
  • Selective Bibliography 1085
  • Index 1089
  • About the Editor And Contributors 1125
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