Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders - Vol. 2

By A. Thomas Lane | Go to book overview

T

TAINIO, Taavi ( 1874-1929). Born in Keuruu, Finland, on 25 June, 1874; son of Heikki, a farm laborer, and Maria Kaletoin; married Olga Johansson in 1901; attended Jyväskylä lyceum; bookshop assistant in Jyväskylä; moved to Helsinki, 1893, joined the workers' association in 1894 and became a leading member of the workers' opposition to the moderate leadership; travelled in Scandinavia, writing about socialist movements abroad for the Finnish labor press and in his Työmiehen katkismus (The worker's catechism), 1899; active supporter of an independent labor party, and elected member of the party council at the founding congress of that party ( Suomen työväenpuolue), 1899; chairman of party council, 1903-4; emigrated to America, where he was editor of the socialist paper Raivaaja (The Pioneer), 1904-5; on his return to Finland, editor of Länsi-Suomen Työmies ( 1906) and Sosialisti ( 1906-8); member of parliament for the renamed (in 1903) Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP), 1907-9, 1911-13, and 1922- 29; adopted moderate reformist line, and was a leading figure in the fight to expel left-wing and communist elements from the SDP after the civil war of 1918; elected secretary of the revived SDP in 1918, a post he held until 1926. See also H. Soikkanen, Taavi Tainio, in H. Soikkanen, ed., Tiennäyttäjät ( 1967).

DAVID KIRBY

TAKHTAREV, Konstantin Mikhailovich ( 1871-1925). Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, 26 May, 1871; married A. A. Iakubova; studied at the Military Medical Academy until 1897; around 1893 became involved in the social democratic movement in Russia; headed a workers' circle in 1893-94, leading discussions, lecturing on socialism, and agitating among strikers; in 1895, joined the St. Petersburg Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class, continuing agitation among workers, for which he was arrested in 1896; emigrated in 1897, first to Brussels, where he became an organizer at a school for agitators and propagandists run by the Belgian socialist party, and began formal

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Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Editorial Board ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction ix
  • M 594
  • N 687
  • O 706
  • P 720
  • Q 783
  • R 786
  • S 830
  • T 943
  • U 986
  • V 992
  • W 1019
  • Y 1048
  • Z 1050
  • Appendix: Labor Leaders by State Or National/Ethnic Group 1067
  • Selective Bibliography 1085
  • Index 1089
  • About the Editor And Contributors 1125
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