Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders - Vol. 2

By A. Thomas Lane | Go to book overview

Z

ZACHARIADES, Nikos ( 1903-1973). Born in Adrianople, Eastern Thrace, Greece; son of Panagiotis, expert on the tobacco trade; attended elementary and secondary schools in various cities of the Ottoman Empire, following his family's moves; did not complete his secondary education; married, (1) Maria Novakova, Czechoslovakian communist, two children, and (2) Roula Koukoulou, Greek Communist; one child; despite his middle-class origin, became a portworker in Constantinople; participated in the All-Workers' Union of Constantinople and embraced communism, 1921; studied at the University of Political and Social Sciences (KUTV) in Moscow in 1923, returning to Greece as Secretary of Communist Youth for Thessaloniki (OKNE) the following year; Secretary of Communist Party (KKE) for Macedonia and Thrace, 1925; imprisoned but escaped, 1925; prosecuted for participation in the murder of a Trotskyist (see Trotsky), 1927; sent again to the USSR, attended 'Leninski Kurs' (see Lenin), 1929-31; returning to Greece to reorganise the KKE on the Stalinist (see Stalin) party model he became a member of the Political Bureau of KKE, December 1931; general secretary of KKE, January 1932; considered himself as 'leader,' imposing the cult of his personality; imprisoned by dictator Metaxas, 1936; after the Italian invasion addressed from jail his famous Open Letter to the Greek People calling for resistance and a national struggle against fascism, 31 October, 1940; handed over by the Greek authorities to the German occupation forces ( May 1941) and was sent to Dachau concentration camp; survived there until his return to Greece as a living legend (after the first military and political defeat of KKE); oversaw the purge of Greek Trotskyists; directed Seventh Congress of KKE, October 1945; imposed tactics of the 'progressive development of armed struggle,' February 1946; visited Eastern Europe and, in April 1947, met Stalin (q.v.) who, considering his Cold War priorities refused full support, but declined to dissuade him from armed struggle tactics; returned to Greece, at HQ of the Democratic Army (DA), November 1947; undertook

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Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Editorial Board ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction ix
  • M 594
  • N 687
  • O 706
  • P 720
  • Q 783
  • R 786
  • S 830
  • T 943
  • U 986
  • V 992
  • W 1019
  • Y 1048
  • Z 1050
  • Appendix: Labor Leaders by State Or National/Ethnic Group 1067
  • Selective Bibliography 1085
  • Index 1089
  • About the Editor And Contributors 1125
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