Dénouement and Aftermath
During the troubling period following withdrawal of Britain's military mission in February, the government of Turkey came to realize the dangers of isolation. German forces retained control of southeastern Europe and the Aegean; relations with both the West and Moscow were marked by friction; Allied leaders like Churchill now criticized rather than courted Ankara; and conquest of the entire Balkans by Soviet troops seemed increasingly likely. The prospect of facing alone a powerful Moscow posed a dilemma of the utmost seriousness; realism therefore dictated earning Western support through expedient concessions. Turkish officials nevertheless proceeded with caution, monitoring the military developments, adjusting policies gradually, and breaking diplomatic relations, but remaining neutral until early 1945. By then the declaration of war had only symbolic value. Yet each step in its realignment improved rapport with the West, and Turkey ensured itself of backers and protectors in postwar conflicts.
Meanwhile the participants in the Cicero affair had gone separate ways. The ambassadors, who had been determined antagonists for over five years, departed at nearly the same time. Papen returned home when diplomatic ties were severed in August 1944; Sir Hughe was reassigned the following month to newly liberated Belgium. Moyzisch, who delayed his repatriation until travel became impossible, was comfortably interned in Turkey. Bazna for a while lived quietly, then played the businessman in bold style, spending the fortune received from Berlin. Still, the early postwar years brought difficulties to everyone: interrogations and imprisonment for many, embarrassing public criticism for another, and an embittering shock -- poverty -- to the spy.
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