Gender and the Politics of Welfare Reform: Mothers' Pensions in Chicago, 1911-1929

By Joanne L. Goodwin | Go to book overview

Notes

NOTE TO THE FOREWORD
1. The phrase is from May Sarton's 1953 poem "Letter from Chicago."

NOTES TO THE INTRODUCTION
1. Chicago News, 12 June 1913, Scrapbooks of the political campaigns of A. A. McCormick, 1912-1915, Newberry Library, Chicago, IL; hereafter cited as the Alexander A. McCormick Scrapbooks.
2. Chicago Daily Tribune, 13 October 1914, "Alexander A. McCormick Scrapbooks".
3. Chicago American, 21 November 1913, "Louise Haddock de Koven Bowen Scrapbooks", vol. 1, Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, IL.
4. The family's name has been changed from the original source to protect confidentiality. "Study of Americanization," box 1, folder 16, Sophonisba P. Breckinridge Papers, Department of Special Collections, University of Chicago Library, Chicago, IL.
5. Discussions of the restructuring of American politics include Richard L. McCormick, The Party Period and Public Policy: American Politics from the Age of Jackson to the Progressive Era ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1986); Stephen Skowronek, Building a New American State: The Expansion of National Administrative Capacities, 1877-1920 ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982); Morton Keller, Affairs of State: Public Life in Late Nineteenth Century America ( Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977); Terrence J. McDonald, The Parameters of Urban Fiscal Policy: Socioeconomic Change and Political Culture in San Francisco, 1860-1906 ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986); and Theda Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States ( Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992). See also Steve Fraser and Gary Gerstle, eds., The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980 ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989), ix-xxv. Among the many syntheses of the Progressive Era, see William L. O'Neill, The Progressive Years: America Comes of Age ( New York: Dodd, Mead, 1975); and Robert Wiebe, The Search for Order, 1877-1920( New York: Hill and Wang, 1967). For the debate surrounding the meaning of progressivism, see John D. Buenker , John C. Burham, Robert M. Cruden, Progressivism ( Cambridge: Schenkman Publishing Co., 1977). On the expansion of public welfare before the New Deal, see Michael B. Katz, In the Shadow of the Poorhouse: A Social History of Welfare in America ( New York: Basic Books, 1986); James T. Patterson, America's Struggle Against Poverty, 1900-1985 ( Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986); Ann Vandepol, "Dependent Children, Child Custody, and the Mothers' Pensions: The Transformation of State-Family Relations in the Early Twentieth Century," Social Problems 29:3 ( February 1982): 221-235; and Susan Tiffin, In Whose Best Interest? Child Welfare Reform in the Progressive Era ( Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982).
6. Paula Baker, "The Domestication of Politics: Women and American Political Society, 1780-1920," American Historical Review 89 ( June 1984): 620-647; and Kathryn Kish Sklar, "The Historical Foundation of Women's Power in the Creation of the American Welfare State1830-1930",

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