CHAPTER 9
Differences
in Education
and Other
Biographical Factors

IN THIS CHAPTER we shall be concerned with the relationship between life occurrences and occupational choice and progress. Among the most important of these biographical factors are differences in education. Other factors include experiences in the family while growing up. It is probable that such experiences are major factors in the development of interests and in the choice of a career, but there is very little direct evidence as yet available.


EDUCATION

Amount of education

The total amount of education received is obviously a factor of considerable importance, although other aspects of education are also related to occupations. The correspondence between amount of education and occupational level is not perfect. Professional occupations for the most part have quite exact educational and training requirements, and without meeting these at least minimally it is now almost impossible to enter any of these fields. Business requirements are much less definite: for the most part, however, a high school education is a prerequisite. How helpful a college education may be in business varies with the individual situation. As college education becomes more customary it will become more and more expected, even though it may have relatively little importance for the job itself. Even lower‐ level white collar jobs generally require a high school education, or at the very least several years beyond grade school. Jobs in the skilled and lower manual categories often do not require education beyond grade school. Nevertheless, with larger percentages of the population going through high school, more and more high school graduates are going into manual jobs, for which their high school training has not

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